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Hodočasnici iz Čazme u 17. i 18. stoljeću


Azinović Bebek, Ana
Hodočasnici iz Čazme u 17. i 18. stoljeću // Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu, 40 (2007), 3; 391-405 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Hodočasnici iz Čazme u 17. i 18. stoljeću
(Pilgrims from Čazma in the 17th and 19th centuries)

Autori
Azinović Bebek, Ana

Izvornik
Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu (0350-7165) 40 (2007), 3; 391-405

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Numizmatika; svetačke medaljice; hodočasničke medaljice; Čazma; ž.c. sv. Marije Magdalene; Hrvatska
(Numismatics; saints' medals; pilgrimage badges; Čazma; St. Mary Magdalene's Church; Croatia)

Sažetak
Excavations in the church of St. Mary Magdalene in Čazma offer a wealth of archeological information about the habits and life of a hitherto neglected early new-age stratum, found in graves containing a considerable number of medals, crosses and rosaries. The medals (48) according to shape can be divided into several groups: oval (9 large, 16 medium and 9 small), largish circular (2), heart shaped (2) and polygonal (5). There are two types of small medals with different shapes from the above. The first of these is oval and on the upper side transparent glass and the second atypical shape is square, in German called Breveri presumably the source of the Croatian brevijar. Most medals depict the Virgin Mary with St Benedict. He is usually shown in a dress with a stick in one hand and a glass of poison in the other according to the legend that he had prevented an attempted poisoning St Benedict was believed to preserve people from the plague but also from witchcraft, spells and Satan, he also helped to easier births and the breeding of animals etc. Medals showing him were placed in the foundations of houses and buried in plough-fields in short he was a general protector from all sorts of evils. In German speaking regions there is a Benedict pfennig. Another large group of medals are those showing the Virgin Mary. There are 20 in various combinations. She is often shown with a bell shaped cloak symbolising a place of pilgrimage. The following places have been identified on such medals: Oethingen (today Altötting), Loreto, Haindorf (known as Czech Mariazell), Polling, Rome and Mariaschein, also places of pilgrimage in the Czech Repubic (Bohosudov). The Virgin is sometimes shown with Jesus (4 times, once showing her as a mother and seven times in sorrow) also on rosaries with St Anthony There are 2 medals showing St George, the Three Kings, and others showing St John Capistran and Pascal Baylon, St. Venantius with Maria of Loreto and St. Helen. Greater research into such material might provide a considerable amount of insight into the activities of Croatian pilgrims of the 17 and 18 century and identification of the places to which they were made.

Izvorni jezik
Hrvatski, engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
293-0000000-0853 - Numizmatička topografija Hrvatske (Tomislav Bilić, )

Ustanove
Arheološki muzej u Zagrebu

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ana Azinović Bebek, (296411)