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Ballast Water Treatment and Criteria for new alternative BWT Technologies


Jelić-Mrčelić, Gorana; Slišković, Merica; Petrinović, Ranka; Belamarić, Goran
Ballast Water Treatment and Criteria for new alternative BWT Technologies // II savjetovanje o morskoj tehnologiji in memoriam akademiku Zlatku Vinkleru ; Inteligentni podvodni sustavi i tehnologije (IPSIT) : znanstveno stručna radionica : zbornik radova = Intelligent underwater systems and technology : workshop : proceedings / Rožanić, Igor (ur.).
Zagreb ; Rijeka: Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Znanstveno vijeće za pomorstvo ; Tehnički Fakultet Sveučilišta, 2008. str. 175-180 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Ballast Water Treatment and Criteria for new alternative BWT Technologies

Autori
Jelić-Mrčelić, Gorana ; Slišković, Merica ; Petrinović, Ranka ; Belamarić, Goran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
II savjetovanje o morskoj tehnologiji in memoriam akademiku Zlatku Vinkleru ; Inteligentni podvodni sustavi i tehnologije (IPSIT) : znanstveno stručna radionica : zbornik radova = Intelligent underwater systems and technology : workshop : proceedings / Rožanić, Igor - Zagreb ; Rijeka : Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Znanstveno vijeće za pomorstvo ; Tehnički Fakultet Sveučilišta, 2008, 175-180

ISBN
978-953-6326-40-2

Skup
Savjetovanje o morskoj tehnologiji (2 ; 2007)

Mjesto i datum
Rijeka, Hrvatska, 26.-27.11.2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Ballast water treatment; new alternative; legislation; recomendation

Sažetak
Shipping moves over 80% of the world's commodities and transfers approximately 3 to 5 billion tonnes of ballast water internationally each year. Ballast water is absolutely essential to the safe and efficient operation of modern shipping, providing balance and stability to un-laden ships. Ballast water may also pose a serious ecological, economic and health threat. The introduction of invasive marine species into new environments by ship’ s ballast water has been identified as one of the four greatest threats to the world's oceans. The best way to avoid risk of invasive marine species is exchanging ballast water and replacing it with clean open ocean water - Ballast Water Exchange is the method currently used by all ships that are subject to existing regulations. The biological effectiveness of ballast water exchange has not yet been confirmed and exchange occasionally cannot be performed due to safety concerns. Other options include mechanical treatment methods such as filtration and separation, physical treatment methods such as sterilisation by ozone, ultra-violet light, electric currents and heat treatment, chemical treatment methods such as adding biocides to ballast water to kill organisms and various combinations of the above. Due to non-existence of adequate BWT method new alternative BWT method are exploring. This paper attempts to present the overall outcomes and recommendations for Ballast Water Treatment Standards and Requirements convened by the Programme Coordination Unit (PCU) of the Global Ballast Water Management Programme (GloBallast) at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in London from 28 to 30 March 2001.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Tehnologija prometa i transport



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