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Secular change in body height and cephalic index of Croatian medical students (University of Rijeka)


Buretić-Tomljanović, Alena; Ristić, Smiljana; Brajenović-Milić, Bojana; Ostojić, Saša; Gombač, Elena; Kapović, Miljenko
Secular change in body height and cephalic index of Croatian medical students (University of Rijeka) // Knjiga sažetaka 4. hrvatskog kongresa iz humane genetike s medjunarodnim sudjelovanjem
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 2003. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Secular change in body height and cephalic index of Croatian medical students (University of Rijeka)

Autori
Buretić-Tomljanović, Alena ; Ristić, Smiljana ; Brajenović-Milić, Bojana ; Ostojić, Saša ; Gombač, Elena ; Kapović, Miljenko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Knjiga sažetaka 4. hrvatskog kongresa iz humane genetike s medjunarodnim sudjelovanjem / - , 2003

Skup
Hrvatski kongres humena genetike s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem (3 ; 2003)

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 03.-04. 09.2003

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Debrachycephalization; height; secular change

Sažetak
An investigation of body height and cephalic measurements was performed among five groups of first year medical students of the University of Rijeka School of Medicine (Croatia). Body height and different cephalic measurements showed normal distribution, both in male and female students. Differences between measured variables were statistically analyzed by ANOVA. No significant difference with regard to the year of birth was found in either males or females. Cephalic index showed no statistically significant difference between sexes or with regard to body height, while the head breadth and length correlated significantly with the birth year and body height, both in males and females. Head breadth decreased within the studied period, while head length increased. The results were compared with those of similar studies from the mid-20th century. Student's t-test showed a significant change of cephalic indices, but not of other head measurements or body height in males. The frequency difference between various head shapes was tested using the chi-square test. A significant increase of dolichocephalic and mesocephalic and a significant decrease of brachycephalic head shape was found in both sexes. These results suggest a continuity of the debrachycephalization process observed in our population at the past mid century.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Etnologija i antropologija