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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 316402

Predictive factors influencing the therapeutic response to diuretic treatment of ascites in nonazotemic cirrhotic patients


Ljubičić, Neven; Kujundžić, Milan; Banić, Marko; Vrkljan, Milan
Predictive factors influencing the therapeutic response to diuretic treatment of ascites in nonazotemic cirrhotic patients // Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 33 (1998), 4; 441-447 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Predictive factors influencing the therapeutic response to diuretic treatment of ascites in nonazotemic cirrhotic patients

Autori
Ljubičić, Neven ; Kujundžić, Milan ; Banić, Marko ; Vrkljan, Milan

Izvornik
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology (0036-5521) 33 (1998), 4; 441-447

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Ascites; cirrhosis; diuretics

Sažetak
A low-sodium diet and diuretics, although widely used, are not always the most satisfactory therapy for treatment of ascites in nonazotemic patients with liver cirrhosis. The objective of this investigation was to analyze various predictive factors influencing the therapeutic response to diuretic treatment of ascites in these patients. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with nonazotemic liver cirrhosis and ascites were initially treated with spironolactone, 200 mg/day. If no response was observed, furosemide was added at 40-120 mg/day. Before and during the diuretic therapy 30 clinical and laboratory variables were investigated as possible predictive factors influencing the therapeutic response to diuretics. The renal arterial resistive index (RI) (reflecting renal vascular resistance) was estimated with duplex Doppler ultrasonography. Results: Sixteen of the 27 patients (59%) responded to spironolactone alone, whereas 6 patients (22%) responded to combined diuretic therapy with spironolactone and furosemide. Five patients (19%) did not respond to diuretic treatment. Eight of the 30 variables analyzed were statistically significant as possible predictive factors influencing the diuretic response: previous episodes of ascites and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, the presence of peripheral edema, the amount of ascites, plasma renin activity, plasma aldosterone concentrations, urinary sodium excretion, and renal interlobar arterial RI. In all patients who had diuretic-resistant ascites, renal interlobar arterial RI was greater than 0.70. Only 9% of patients who responded satisfactorily to diuretic therapy had interlobar arterial RI greater than 0.70. Conclusions: According to our results, consideration for combining the clinical findings with noninvasively measured renal arterial RI using duplex Doppler ultrasonography would be mandatory in identifying a subgroup of cirrhotic patients with ascites who are at high risk for diuretic unresponsiveness.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Klinička bolnica "Dubrava"

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE