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An Interpretation of the Coronal Holes' Visibility in the Millimeter Wavelength Range


Brajša, Roman; Benz, A. O.; Temmer, M.; Jurdana-Šepić, Rajka; Šaina, B.; Wöhl, H.
An Interpretation of the Coronal Holes' Visibility in the Millimeter Wavelength Range // Solar Physics, 245 (2007), 1; 167-176 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
An Interpretation of the Coronal Holes' Visibility in the Millimeter Wavelength Range

Autori
Brajša, Roman ; Benz, A. O. ; Temmer, M. ; Jurdana-Šepić, Rajka ; Šaina, B. ; Wöhl, H.

Izvornik
Solar Physics (0038-0938) 245 (2007), 1; 167-176

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Coronal holes; visibility; mm wavelength

Sažetak
Various observations indicate that coronal holes generally appear as low brightness temperature regions (LTRs) in the centimeter and millimeter wavelength ranges. However, within their borders local enhancements of radiation, that is, high brightness temperature regions (HTRs), often occur. The theory behind the described behavior is not fully understood and therefore we analyze full-disk solar images obtained at a wavelength of 8 mm at Metsähovi Radio Observatory and compare them with data simultaneously taken in other wavelength ranges. The observational finding that the average brightness temperature of coronal holes is not much different from the quiet-Sun level (with localized deviations toward higher and lower intensities on the order of a few percent) is compared with theoretical models of the thermal bremsstrahlung radiation originating in the solar chromosphere, transition region, and corona. Special attention is devoted to the interpretation of the localized enhancements of radiation observed inside coronal holes at millimeter wavelengths. The main conclusion is that the most important contribution to the brightness temperature comes from an increased density in the transition region and low corona ( i.e., at the heights where the temperature is below 106 K). This can explain both the LTRs and HTRs associated with coronal holes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0009003
007-0000000-1364 - Fizikalni procesi u atmosferama Sunca i zvijezda (Vladimir Ruždjak, )

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • The INSPEC Science Abstracts series
  • NASA-ADS
  • Chemical Abstracts Service
  • Chemical and Earth Sciences
  • GeoArchive
  • Geotitles
  • ISI Alerting Services
  • Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • Referativnyi Zhurnal
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS