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Mosses as Bioindikators of Radioactive Contamination


Marović, Gordana; Franić, Zdenko; Senčar, Jasminka
Mosses as Bioindikators of Radioactive Contamination // 15th International Environmental Bioindicators Conference Abstracts
Hong Kong, Kina, 2007. (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Mosses as Bioindikators of Radioactive Contamination

Autori
Marović, Gordana ; Franić, Zdenko ; Senčar, Jasminka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
15th International Environmental Bioindicators Conference Abstracts / - , 2007

Skup
15th Annual International Environmental Bioindicators Conference 2007

Mjesto i datum
Hong Kong, Kina, 7-9.06.2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Moss; bioindicators; radiocaesium; radioactive contamination

Sažetak
Mosses, lichens and perennial plants, all characterized by slow growth, are able to efficiently accumulate different radionuclides from their environment to a much higher degree than other vegetation. Consequently, they are sensitive bioindicators of radioactive contamination for various ecosystems. Results of systematic, long-term measurements of 137Cs activities in mosses for the period 1986-2006 are summarized. The study was conducted in the Radiation Protection Unit of the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health in Zagreb, as a part of an extensive monitoring program of the Croatian environment. All the samples were gamma-spectrometrically analysed using HPGe and/or Ge(Li) detector (resolution 1.78 keV on 1.33 MeV 60Co, relative efficiency 16.8% ; resolution 1.56 keV on 1.33 MeV 60Co, relative efficiency 18.7%) coupled to data acquisition system. The samples were measured in Marinelli beakers of 1 l volume. Counting time was 80.000 s or higher. Radiocaesium activity concentrations in mosses are in good correlation with fallout activities. In the overall observed period the highest activity concentration of 137Cs deposited by fallout has been recorded in 1986, which is the year of Chernobyl accident, causing peak 137Cs activity concentration in moss of (maximum value being 8800 Bqkg-1 and mean value 3150 Bqkg-1). For comparison, in the same year mean concentration in grass was 919 Bqkg-1 After the Chernobyl nuclear accident the 134Cs: 137Cs activity ratio in moss was 0.5 and did not differ from the value found in other environmental samples. Ten year after Chernobyl accident, in 1996, mean 137Cs activity concentration in moss was 1345 Bqkg-1 with maximum value of 3940 Bqkg-1. In 2006, mean 137Cs activity concentration in mosses was 251 Bqkg-1 with maximum value of 955 Bqkg-1

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemijsko inženjerstvo, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222882-2335 - RADIOAKTIVNOST OKOLIŠA I ZAŠTITA OD ZRAČENJA (Gordana Marović, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb