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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 307742

In vitro evaluation of HI-6 oxime:Mode of interaction with AChE inhibited by irinotecan and its cytotoxicity


Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana; Kopjar, Nevenka; Radić, Božica; Berend, Suzana; Želježić, Davor; Fuchs, Radovan
In vitro evaluation of HI-6 oxime:Mode of interaction with AChE inhibited by irinotecan and its cytotoxicity // International Congress of Toxicology : Abstracts
Montreal, 2007. str. 179-179 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In vitro evaluation of HI-6 oxime:Mode of interaction with AChE inhibited by irinotecan and its cytotoxicity

Autori
Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Kopjar, Nevenka ; Radić, Božica ; Berend, Suzana ; Želježić, Davor ; Fuchs, Radovan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
International Congress of Toxicology : Abstracts / - Montreal, 2007, 179-179

Skup
International Congress of Toxicology

Mjesto i datum
Montreal, Kanada, 15.-19.07.2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Hi-6; acetylcholinesterase; irinotecan; protection; reactivation; comet assay; chromosome aberrations; apoptosis; micronuclei

Sažetak
The function of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh), which is involved in the numerous cholinergic pathways in both, the central and the peripheral nervous system. Therefore, AChE measurement is of high value for therapy management, especially during the course of the intoxication with different chemicals or drugs that inhibits activity of enzyme. For the recovery of inhibited enzyme, derivatives from the group of pyridinium or bispyridinium aldoximes (oximes) are used. Adverse effects of these substances are not well elucidated, because of their narrow and one-shot usage. In this study we evaluated the in vitro efficacy of oxime HI-6 to protect and/or reactivate human erythrocyte AChE inhibited by anticancer drug irinotecan, which cause acute cholinergic syndrome after its administration. Moreover, using alkaline comet assay possible genotoxic effects of HI-6 were evaluated on human peripheral blood leukocytes. HI-6 increases the activity of AChE to 30% ; residual activity after irinotecan inhibition was 7%. Also, it reactivated the enzyme by 40% when applied in a concentration of ¼ of the IC50 value. None of the tested concentrations of HI-6 was genotoxic as estimated by evaluation of three main comet parameters: tail length, tail intensity and tail moment. The results obtained sustain the further investigation of HI-6 in vivo, as well as its development for possible application in chemotherapy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2137 - Genotoksičnost kemijskih i fizikalnih agensa prirodnog i antropogenog podrijetla (Vilena Kašuba, )
022-0222148-2139 - Terapijski učinak novosintetiziranih spojeva pri otrovanju organofosfatima (Ana Lucić Vrdoljak, )
022-0222148-2142 - Toksični učinci mikotoksina na ljude i životinje (Maja Peraica, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb