Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 307334

Comparison of chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of glycosidically bound and free volatiles from clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merill et Perry)


Politeo, Olivera; Jukić, Mila; Miloš, Mladen
Comparison of chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of glycosidically bound and free volatiles from clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merill et Perry) // 38th International symposium on essential oils / Johannes Novak and Chlodwig Franz (ur.).
Graz: Karl-Franzens-University Graz, 2007. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Comparison of chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of glycosidically bound and free volatiles from clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merill et Perry)

Autori
Politeo, Olivera ; Jukić, Mila ; Miloš, Mladen

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
38th International symposium on essential oils / Johannes Novak and Chlodwig Franz - Graz : Karl-Franzens-University Graz, 2007

Skup
38th International symposium on essential oils

Mjesto i datum
Graz, Austria, 9-12.09.2007.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Syzygium aromaticum L. Merill et Perry

Sažetak
In this study the comparison of chemical composition and antioxidant capacity of glycosidically bound and free volatiles from clove (Syzygium aromaticum L. Merill et Perry) were examined. The volatile aglycones were extracted from their nonvolatile glycosidically bound compounds by enzymatic hydrolysis with β -glycosidasae enzyme, while free volatiles (essential oil) were extracted using Clevenger-type apparatus. The chemical composition analyses of volatiles were run on coupled system gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with two different polarity column. Totally of 15 compounds were identified in volatile aglycone fraction, including aromatic compounds, aliphatic alcohols, acids and esters. The major aglycone was phenylpropanoide eugenol (80.5 %). Other quantitatively important aglycones were vanillin (7.2 %), chavicol (2.3 %) and benzyl alcohol (1.1 %). In comparison, free essential oil has only five identified compounds with eugenol as major (91.2 %). A comparison between the chemical composition of glycosidically bound and free volatile compounds showed only eugenol as identical. Phenylpropanoide eugenyl acetate (7.1 %), and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons trans-caryophyllene,  -humulene and δ -cadinene were present in smaller percentages. 2, 2´- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging method (DPPH method) was used to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of clove volatile compounds. The results were compared with commercial antioxidants BHT and  -tocopherol. The results show that antioxidant capacity decreased in the order  -tocopherol ≥ essential oil > BHT > volatile aglycones. The better essential oil antioxidant capacity than volatile aglycones capacity could be explained with higher eugenol content and with eugenyl acetate present in them. In spite of lower free volatiles antioxidant capacity that contributes to overall clove capacity and confirm clove’ s significant role among spice plants. This is a guideline to replacing commercial antioxidants with natural ones.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
011-2160547-1330 - Antioksidacijski sastojci i inhibitori kolinesteraza iz aromatičnog bilja (Mladen Miloš, )

Ustanove
Kemijsko-tehnološki fakultet, Split