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Interaction of diazepam and swim stress


Peričić, Danka; Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Vlainić Lazić, Josipa
Interaction of diazepam and swim stress // Brain Research, 1184C (2007), 81-87 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Interaction of diazepam and swim stress

Autori
Peričić, Danka ; Švob Štrac, Dubravka ; Vlainić Lazić, Josipa

Izvornik
Brain Research (0006-8993) 1184C (2007); 81-87

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Swim stress; diazepam; allopregnanolone; seizure threshold for picrotoxin

Sažetak
Many people take diazepam to prevent or counteract the consequences of exposure to different stressors. However, the interaction of diazepam and stress is not clear. Several studies have suggested that swim stress alters the properties of benzodiazepines. Both diazepam and swim stress have anticonvulsant properties. To determine whether swim stress alters the activity of diazepam, we tested the anticonvulsant effect of diazepam given in combination with swim stress. The mice were, prior to exposure to swim stress (10 or 5 min swimming at ambient temperature) and the intravenous infusion of picrotoxin, pre-treated with diazepam or allopregnanolone, or 24 h after exposure to stress treated with diazepam. The latency to the onset of clonic and tonic seizures was registered and the threshold for picrotoxin-induced clonic and tonic seizures calculated. In swim stressed (10 min) mice diazepam (0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg) enhanced the threshold for picrotoxin-induced tonic seizures more than in unstressed mice. The effect of allopregnanolone (20 mg/kg) in combination with 10-min swim stress on the threshold for picrotoxin-induced tonic seizures was also supraadditive. When diazepam (1 mg/kg) was given 20 min prior to 5-min swim stress, or 24 h after 10-min swim stress, there was no significant change in its anticonvulsant activity between unstressed and swim stressed mice. The results demonstrate that the anticonvulsant and possibly other behavioral properties of diazepam given in combination with swim stress can be either potentiated or unchanged, depending on the duration of stress and the time of diazepam administration in relation to stress.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0000000-2448 - Stres, GABA-A receptori i mehanizmi djelovanja neuropsihofarmaka (Dubravka Švob Štrac, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE