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Sex determination using teeth dimensions in a Croatian medieval population


Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje; Šlaus, Mario; Demo, Željko
Sex determination using teeth dimensions in a Croatian medieval population // J Dent Res. 2007 ; 86(Spec ISS A): Abstract number 2843
New Orleans, Lousiana, SAD, 2007. str. 2843-2843 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Sex determination using teeth dimensions in a Croatian medieval population

Autori
Vodanović, Marin ; Brkić, Hrvoje ; Šlaus, Mario ; Demo, Željko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
J Dent Res. 2007 ; 86(Spec ISS A): Abstract number 2843 / - , 2007, 2843-2843

Skup
85th General sessio85th General session & exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, March 21-24, 2007, New Orleans, Lousiana, USAn & exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research

Mjesto i datum
New Orleans, Lousiana, SAD, 21. - 24. 3. 2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Paleostomatologija; odontometrija; Srednji vijek; Hrvatska
(Paleodontology; odontometrics; Medieval; Croatia)

Sažetak
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of teeth dimensions like a tool for sex determination in archaeological investigations and answering the following questions: 1) which tooth type is most suitable for determination of sex, 2) which tooth dimension provides the best sex discrimination and 3) how antemortem and postmortem damages influence on teeth and their dimensions. METHODS: Research was carried out on 49 skulls (25 males and 24 females) from the medieval cemetery in eastern Croatia. Sex of the skulls was previously established on the basis of cranial and postcranial morphology by an experienced forensic odontologist and anthropologist. Three dimensions of permanent teeth were measured: mesiodistal diameter of the tooth crown, mesiodistal diameter of the tooth cervix and buccolingual crown diameter. The multifactorial statistics were performed using the discriminant procedure in order to find which tooth and which dimension provides the best difference between sexes. RESULTS: Measurements were performed on 946 permanent teeth. Central incisors and third molars were the teeth with the highest prevalence of antemortem or postmortem tooth loss. Canines had the lowest prevalence of tooth loss and they are considered as most suitable for determination of sex. Mesiodistal diameter of the crown of the upper canine (males 7.6+/-0.6 mm ; females 7.4+/-0.5 mm) and mesiodistal diameter of the cervix of the same tooth (males 6.1+/-0.5 mm ; females 5.5+/-0.3 mm) were detected as variables providing the best sex discrimination. A discriminant function derived from these two variables provided 94.1% reliability in sex determination. CONCLUSIONS: Teeth are suitable for sex determination in investigations of archaeological populations. Dental wear and postmortem damages can reduce the number of available teeth. Each metric method for sex determination including odontometrics requires population specific standards.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Dentalna medicina, Teologija, Znanost o umjetnosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
065-0650445-0423 - Humano zubalo u forenzičnim i arheološkim istraživanjima (Hrvoje Brkić, )
101-1970677-0670 - Bioarheološka istraživanja srednjovjekovnih populacija Hrvatske (Mario Šlaus, )

Ustanove
Stomatološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE