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Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol


Bosak, Anita; Kovarik, Zrinka; Gazić, Ivana; Vinković, Vladimir
Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol // The IXth International Meeting on Cholinesterases, Suzhou, Kina, Program book
Suzhou, Kina, 2007. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol

Autori
Bosak, Anita ; Kovarik, Zrinka ; Gazić, Ivana ; Vinković, Vladimir

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
The IXth International Meeting on Cholinesterases, Suzhou, Kina, Program book / - , 2007

Skup
The IXth International Meeting on Cholinesterases

Mjesto i datum
Suzhou, Kina, 6-10.05.2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cholinesterase; bambuterol; enantiomers; inhibition; stereoselectivity; mutants

Sažetak
Bambuterol is a chiral carbamate that inhibits butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) about 16, 000 times faster than acetylcholinesterase (AChE) (1). Regardless of bambuterol's own selectivity, both enzymes have a stereoselective preference for R-bambuterol (2). In order to relate stereoselectivity of cholinesterases and bambuterol selectivity to the active site residues, we studied the time course of inhibition of recombinant mouse enzymes BChE w.t., AChE w.t. and AChE mutants by R- and S-bambuterol. Mutations in the choline binding site (Y337A) combined with that in the acyl pocket (F295L/Y337A, F297I/Y337A, F295L/F297I/Y337A) or mutations in the peripheral site (Y124Q) were employed to mimic BChE active site residues. All studied cholinesterases were progressively inhibited by both bambuterol enantiomers, displaying preference for the R- over S-enantiomer: about four times for the wild type enzymes, 12-16 times for Y337A and the double mutants, and only 1.7 times for F295L/F297I/Y337A and Y124Q. Stereoselectivity was increased through the enlargement of the AChE choline binding site and of the acyl pocket by single or double mutations, which resulted in increased inhibition rate constants of up to 3000 and 950 times over the rate of the wild-type AChE with R-bambuterol and S-bambuterol, respectively. Low stereoselectivity of the peripheral single-site mutant, Y124Q, is due to increased inhibition rate by S-bambuterol. It seems that this residue change attenuated the difference in configuration between bambuterol enantiomers. When three aromatic residues were mutated (F295L/F297I/Y337A), both enantiomers became poor inhibitors, because inhibition rates rapidly decreased in comparison to that of the mutants and AChE w.t. Although four out of five AChE mutants were inhibited at rates that were closer to BChE than to AChE, selectivity cannot be predicted simply on the basis of the enlarged volume of the gorge made by mutating AChE to mimic BChE active site residues. 1. Kovarik et al. 1999 Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1422:261-271. 2. Gazić et al. 2006 Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 385:1 513-1519.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2889 - Interakcije organofosfata, karbamata i određenih liganada s esterazama (Zrinka Kovarik, )
098-0982904-2910 - Kiralni organski materijali – sintetska, strukturna i funkcionalna istraživanja (Vladimir Vinković, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Bosak, Anita; Kovarik, Zrinka; Gazić, Ivana; Vinković, Vladimir
Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol // The IXth International Meeting on Cholinesterases, Suzhou, Kina, Program book
Suzhou, Kina, 2007. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Bosak, A., Kovarik, Z., Gazić, I. & Vinković, V. (2007) Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol. U: The IXth International Meeting on Cholinesterases, Suzhou, Kina, Program book.
@article{article, year = {2007}, pages = {114}, keywords = {cholinesterase, bambuterol, enantiomers, inhibition, stereoselectivity, mutants}, title = {Amino acids residues involved in stereoselective inhibition of cholinesterase with bambuterol}, keyword = {cholinesterase, bambuterol, enantiomers, inhibition, stereoselectivity, mutants}, publisherplace = {Suzhou, Kina} }