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ELEKTROKINETIČKE POJAVE TEKSTILNIH VLAKANA


Tarbuk, Anita; Grancarić, Anamarija; Ribitsch, Volker
ELEKTROKINETIČKE POJAVE TEKSTILNIH VLAKANA // XX. hrvatski skup kemičara i kemijskih inženjera, knjiga sažetaka (book of abstracts) / Findrik, Zvjezdana ; Vrsalović Presečki, Ana (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko društvo kemijskih inženjera i tehnologa, 2007. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
ELEKTROKINETIČKE POJAVE TEKSTILNIH VLAKANA
(ELECTROKINETIC PHENOMENA OF TEXTILE FIBERS)

Autori
Tarbuk, Anita ; Grancarić, Anamarija ; Ribitsch, Volker

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
XX. hrvatski skup kemičara i kemijskih inženjera, knjiga sažetaka (book of abstracts) / Findrik, Zvjezdana ; Vrsalović Presečki, Ana - Zagreb : Hrvatsko društvo kemijskih inženjera i tehnologa, 2007

ISBN
978-953-6894-29-1

Skup
XX. jubilarni skup kemičara i kemijskih inženjera

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 26.02.-01.03.2007

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Electrokinetc phenomena; zeta potential; textile fiber; surface charge

Sažetak
Electrokinetic phenomena are crucial for textile dyeing and finishing processes. These interface phenomena have influence on adsorption of surfactants, optical brighteners, dyes and finishing agents due to interaction forces between fiber surface and solutions. The electrokinetic (zeta, ζ ) potential is part of the total potential drop occurring in the intermediate surface layer at the boundary of the solid/liquid phases as a consequence of the ions distribution from the solid surface to the liquid mass. At the interface of an electrically charged textile fibers and an aqueous solution of electrolyte, surfactants or dyes an electric double layer is setting up. Moving one of these two charged surfaces results by electrokinetic (zeta) potential. Zeta potential gives information about nature and dissociation of functional groups, hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity of fiber surface as well as ions or water sorption. In general, specific adsorption of ions or dissociation of the surface groups in aqueous solution results with their surface charge. Fiber surface charge depends upon their molecular and supramolecular structure, swelling capacity as well as upon ionogenity, structure and concentration of adsorbate. The wet treatments change the fiber surface charge, zeta potential and adsorption ability as well. Therefore, this paper reports electrokinetic phenomena in water solution of textile fibers commonly used in textile and clothing industry. The electrokinetic (zeta) potential, Isoelectric Point (IEP), Point of Zero Charge (PZC) and specific quantity of surface charge (q) of Cotton, Wool, Polyamide 6.6 (PA), Polyester (PET) and Polypropylene (PP) in the present work has been determined using the special techniques. Zeta potential was measured by streaming potential/current method using a Brookhaven-Paar electrokinetic analyzer (EKA), with a circular cell designed for textile fibers. Specific quantity of surface charge was calculated after back-titration method, applying Mütek’ s Particle Charge Detector (PCD 02). These phenomena characterize electrical charge of investigated textile fibers.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Elektrotehnika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
117-1252971-1367 - Međupovršinske pojave aktivnih multifunkcijskih tekstilnih materijala (Anamarija Grancarić, )

Ustanove
Tekstilno-tehnološki fakultet, Zagreb