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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 289296

Influence of Porcine Housing density on Species Diversity and Number of Airborne Microorganisms at Fattening Facilities


Pavičić, Željko; Balenović, Tomislav; Valpotić, Hrvoje; Tofant Alenka; Popović, Maja; Balenović, Mirta; Matković, Kristina; Valpotić, Ivica
Influence of Porcine Housing density on Species Diversity and Number of Airborne Microorganisms at Fattening Facilities // Acta Veterinaria Brno, 75 (2006), 4; 533-540 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Influence of Porcine Housing density on Species Diversity and Number of Airborne Microorganisms at Fattening Facilities

Autori
Pavičić, Željko ; Balenović, Tomislav ; Valpotić, Hrvoje ; Tofant Alenka ; Popović, Maja ; Balenović, Mirta ; Matković, Kristina ; Valpotić, Ivica

Izvornik
Acta Veterinaria Brno (0001-7213) 75 (2006), 4; 533-540

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Fattening pigs; housing; airborne bacteria; fungi

Sažetak
Microbiological composition of air, as a factor of ambient conditions in animal facilities can significantly influence performance, health and animal welfare in the swine production. The aim of this investigation was to determine, by monitoring primary microclimatic conditions, the possible association of the number of fattening pigs per unit of housing space with species diversity and number of airborne microorganisms. The research was conducted at a fattening and finishing facility of 450 m2 (equipped with 44 pens designed for 10 animals each) with low-pressure ventilation in three different trials. The first trial was conducted during the autumn-winter period with the capacity of 440 animals (0.7 m2 of pen area per fattening pig), the second trial was conducted during the winter-spring period with 356 animals (0.8 m2 of pen area per fattening pig), and the third trial was conducted during the spring-summer period with 312 animals (1.0 m2 of pen area per fattening pig). The air samples for isolation of fungi and mesophilic, haemolytic, and coliform bacteria were taken and microclimatic conditions were monitored during each trial at the same consecutive weekly periods. According to the data obtained from all trials, the total number of bacteria and fungi did not exceed 104 and 103 CFU per m3, respectively. The most numerous were gram-positive bacteria, followed by gram-negative bacteria and fungi. The total number of airborne microorganisms correlates significantly (at p<0.05) with porcine housing density. These data may be useful for the assessment of housing density at fattening facilities that will not compromise swine health and welfare regarding the microbiological air quality, and thus may contribute to the implementation of optimal rearing conditions in large-scale animal producing units.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus