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Evidence for a Supernova Associated with the X-Ray Flash 020903


Bersier, D.; Fruchter, A. S.; Strolger, L.-G.; Gorosabel, J.; Levan, A.; Burud, I.; Rhoads, J. E.; Becker, A. C.; Cassan, A.; Chornock, R. et al.
Evidence for a Supernova Associated with the X-Ray Flash 020903 // The Astrophysical journal, 643 (2006), 1; 284-291 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Evidence for a Supernova Associated with the X-Ray Flash 020903

Autori
Bersier, D. ; Fruchter, A. S. ; Strolger, L.-G. ; Gorosabel, J. ; Levan, A. ; Burud, I. ; Rhoads, J. E. ; Becker, A. C. ; Cassan, A. ; Chornock, R. ; Covino, S. ; de Jong, R. S. ; Dominis, Dijana ; Filippenko, A. V. ; Hjorth, J. ; Holmberg, J. ; Malesani, D. ; Mobasher, B. ; Olsen, K. A. G. ; Stefanon, M. ; Castro Cerón, J. M. ; Fynbo, J. P. U. ; Holland, S. T. ; Kouveliotou, C. ; Pedersen, H. ; Tanvir, N. R. ; Woosley, S. E.

Izvornik
The Astrophysical journal (0004-637X) 643 (2006), 1; 284-291

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Gamma rays; bursts; stars; supernovae; general

Sažetak
We present ground-based and Hubble Space Telescope optical observations of the X-ray flash (XRF) 020903, covering 300 days. The afterglow showed a very rapid rise in the first day, followed by a relatively slow decay in the next few days. There was a clear bump in the light curve after ~25 days, accompanied by a drastic change in the spectral energy distribution. The light curve and the spectral energy distribution are naturally interpreted as describing the emergence and subsequent decay of a supernova (SN), similar to SN 1998bw. At peak luminosity, the SN is estimated to be 0.8+/-0.1 mag fainter than SN 1998bw. This argues in favor of the existence of a SN associated with this XRF. A spectrum obtained 35 days after the burst shows emission lines from the host galaxy. We use this spectrum to put an upper limit on the oxygen abundance of the host at [O/H]<=-0.6 dex. We also discuss a possible trend between the softness of several bursts and the early behavior of the optical afterglow, in the sense that XRFs and X-ray-rich gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) seem to have a plateau phase or even a rising light curve. This can be naturally explained in models in which XRFs are similar to GRBs but are seen off the jet axis. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. These observations are associated with program GO-9405 (PI A. Fruchter).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Autor s matičnim brojem:
Dijana Dominis Prester, (241452)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus