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Endomorphin 1 activates NOS2 activity and downregulates NOS2 mRNA expression


Šarić, Ana; Balog, Tihomir; Sobočanec, Sandra; Marotti, Tatjana
Endomorphin 1 activates NOS2 activity and downregulates NOS2 mRNA expression // Neuroscience, 144 (2007), 4; 1454-1461 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Endomorphin 1 activates NOS2 activity and downregulates NOS2 mRNA expression

Autori
Šarić, Ana ; Balog, Tihomir ; Sobočanec, Sandra ; Marotti, Tatjana

Izvornik
Neuroscience (0306-4522) 144 (2007), 4; 1454-1461

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Nitric oxide; µ -opioid receptor; amperometric detection

Sažetak
Endomorphins 1 and 2 are newly discovered opioid tetrapeptides whose structure is more resistant to enzymatic degradation than of other opioid peptides. Endomorphins 1 and 2 are considered as endogenous ligands with a high affinity for µ receptors. A number of studies have shown that opioid peptides per se can induce release of nitric oxide from rodent and human immune cells. Endomorphins seemed to be involved in the process of vasodilatation by stimulating release of nitric oxide. In our study we stimulated in vitro J774 macrophages with different concentrations of endomorphin 1 or 2 for measuring nitric oxide release and nitric oxide synthase 2 mRNA expression. Results showed that 48 h incubation did not enhance nitric oxide release when measured with the Griess method. On the other hand, using real-time amperometric detection of nitric oxide release shortly after challenge with endomorphins, we showed that only 10^-6 M endomorphin 1 was able to stimulate nitric oxide release from a J774 macrophage cell line by activation of NOS 2 izoenzyme. The peak release was 1000-1500 s after stimulation and was in the range of nitric oxide release stimulated with 10 µ g/ml lipopolysaccharide. In contrast to this, endomorphin 2 failed to induce nitric oxide release in all tested concentrations. Using a specific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase 2 (1400W) we eliminated the stimulatory effect of endomorphin 1 on nitric oxide release. The expression of mRNA for nitric oxide synthase 2 in J774 macrophages, after 30 min incubation with either lipopolysaccharide or 10^-6 M endomorphin 1 was not upregulated. As expected, lipopolysaccharide induced de novo nitric oxide synthase 2 transcription within 4 h. At the same time, in contrast to lipopolysaccharide, mRNA expression of cells treated with endomorphin 1 was downregulated. Since a µ -opioid receptor specific antagonist ß-Funaltrexamine hydrochloride inhibited nitric oxide release from endomorphin 1 treated cells, the effect seemed to be µ -opioid receptor mediated.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982464-1647 - Sustav citokroma P450 i pojava tumora u starenju i oksidacijskom stresu (Tihomir Balog, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE