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Genotoxicity of gliotoxin on epithelial (A549, Hep G-2, CHO), monocyte (THP-1) cell lines and human peripheral blood leukocytes using alkaline comet assay


Kosalec, Ivan; Kopjar, Nevenka; Ramić, Snježana; Pepeljnjak, Stjepan; Bačun-Družina, Višnja; Antolović, Roberto; Jelić, Dubravko
Genotoxicity of gliotoxin on epithelial (A549, Hep G-2, CHO), monocyte (THP-1) cell lines and human peripheral blood leukocytes using alkaline comet assay // Abstracts of the EUROTOX 2006/6 CTDC Congress - 43rd Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology & 6th Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries
Cavtat, Hrvatska, 2006. str. 285-285 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genotoxicity of gliotoxin on epithelial (A549, Hep G-2, CHO), monocyte (THP-1) cell lines and human peripheral blood leukocytes using alkaline comet assay

Autori
Kosalec, Ivan ; Kopjar, Nevenka ; Ramić, Snježana ; Pepeljnjak, Stjepan ; Bačun-Družina, Višnja ; Antolović, Roberto ; Jelić, Dubravko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the EUROTOX 2006/6 CTDC Congress - 43rd Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology & 6th Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries / - , 2006, 285-285

Skup
43rd Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology & 6th Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries

Mjesto i datum
Cavtat, Hrvatska, 20. 09. 2006

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Gliotoxin; comet assay

Sažetak
Gliotoxin is a potent immunosuppressive and cytotoxic myctoxin from the epidithiodioxopiperazine group of secondary metabolites. Its production in situ by medically important molds Asperegillus fumigatus Fres. and A. terreus Thom contribute to invasive apergillosis of mammals. Our previous research found potent cytotoxic effects on epithelial, fibroblast-like, and monocyte cell lines (with IC50 from 2 to 11 microM). In this study we analysed in vitro genotoxicity of gliotoxin (CAS 67-99-2) on epithelial (A549, Hep G-2, CHO), fibroblast-like (COS-7), and monocyte (THP-1) cell lines as well as on human leukocytes ex situ using alkaline comet assay (single cell gel electrophoresis). After 18h-exposure of cells to the gliotoxin, comet tail length (TL, in micrometers), tail intensity (DNA%) and tail moment (TM) were recorded using fluorescence microscope and Comet Assay II software. At 2 microM gliotoxin expresses genotoxic effects with the most differences noted in THP-1 cell line (p<0.001), followed by epithelial A549, Hep G-2, CHO cell lines and leukocytes (p<0.05). Gliotoxin exhibited dose-depended genotoxic effect on human leukocytes ex situ from concentrations 0.5 to 2 microM. Sub-IC50 concentration of gliotoxin (0.5 and 1 microM) showed TL (21.04 ; 23.48 micrometer, respectively) ; tail intensity (3.79% ; 4.84%, respectively) and TM (0.61 ; 0.91 respectively) with statistically higher values than in control (TL 14.14 ; tail intensity 0.64% ; TM 0.08). At higher concentrations of gliotoxin, from 2 to 4 microM, apoptotic effect has been noted. Our results indicate that gliotoxin was genotoxic in concentration bellow cytotoxic IC50 concentrations in epithelial cell lines, and this effect is dose-depended in human peripheral blood leukocytes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Farmacija



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  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE