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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 279003

Dynamical dark energy or variable cosmological parameters?

Sola, J.; Štefančić, Hrvoje
Dynamical dark energy or variable cosmological parameters? // Modern Physics Letters A, 21 (2006), 479-494 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Dynamical dark energy or variable cosmological parameters?

Sola, J. ; Štefančić, Hrvoje

Modern Physics Letters A (0217-7323) 21 (2006); 479-494

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Dark energy; cosmological parameters

One of the main aims in the next generation of precision cosmology experiments will be an accurate determination of the equation of state (EOS) for the dark energy (DE). If the latter is dynamical, the resulting barotropic index \omega should exhibit a non-trivial evolution with the redshift. Usually this is interpreted as a sign that the mechanism responsible for the DE is related to some dynamical scalar field, and in some cases this field may behave non-canonically (phantom field). Present observations seem to favor an evolving DE with a potential phantom phase near our time. In the literature there is a plethora of dynamical models trying to describe this behavior. Here we show that the simplest option, namely a model with a variable cosmological term, \Lambda=\Lambda(t), leads in general to a non-trivial effective EOS, with index \omega_e, which may naturally account for these data features. We prove that in this case there is always a "crossing" of the \omega_e=-1 barrier near our time. We also show how this effect is modulated (or even completely controled) by a variable Newton's constant G=G(t).

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Hrvoje Štefančić, (235826)

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus