#### Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 278984

## LXCDM: A Cosmon model solution to the cosmological coincidence problem?

LXCDM: A Cosmon model solution to the cosmological coincidence problem?

*// Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics,*

**0608**(2006) (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

**Naslov**

LXCDM: A Cosmon model solution to the cosmological coincidence problem?

**Autori**

Grande, J. ; Sola, J. ; Štefančić, Hrvoje

**Izvornik**

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (1475-7516) **0608**
(2006);

**Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada**

Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

**Ključne riječi**

Cosmon; cosmological constant

**Sažetak**

We consider the possibility that the total dark energy (DE) of the Universe is made out of two dynamical components of different nature: a variable cosmological term, Lambda, and a dynamical "cosmon", X, possibly interacting with Lambda but not with matter -- which remains conserved. We call this scenario the LXCDM model. One possibility for X would be a scalar field, but it is not the only one. The overall equation of state (EOS) of the LXCDM model can effectively appear as quintessence or phantom energy depending on the mixture of the two components. Both the dynamics of Lambda and of X could be linked to high energy effects near the Planck scale. In the case of Lambda it may be related to the running of this parameter under quantum effects, whereas X might be identified with some fundamental field (say, a dilaton) left over as a low-energy "relic" by e.g. string theory. We find that the dynamics of the LXCDM model can trigger a future stopping of the Universe expansion and can keep the ratio rho_D/rho_m (DE density to matter-radiation density) bounded and of order 1. Therefore, the model could explain the so-called "cosmological coincidence problem". This is in part related to the possibility that the present value of the cosmological term can be Lambda<0 in this framework (the current total DE density nevertheless being positive). However, a cosmic halt could occur even if Lambda>0 because of the peculiar behavior of X as "Phantom Matter". We describe various cosmological scenarios made possible by the composite and dynamical nature of LXCDM, and discuss in detail their impact on the cosmological coincidence problem.

**Izvorni jezik**

Engleski

**Znanstvena područja**

Fizika

**POVEZANOST RADA**

**Projekt / tema**

0098002

**Ustanove**

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

**Autor s matičnim brojem:**

Hrvoje Štefančić, (235826)

#### Časopis indeksira:

- Current Contents Connect (CCC)
- Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
- Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
- SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
- Scopus