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AOP as an effective tool for the minimization of hazardous organic pollutants in colored wastewater ; chemical and photochemical processes


Koprivanac, Natalija; Kušić, Hrvoje
AOP as an effective tool for the minimization of hazardous organic pollutants in colored wastewater ; chemical and photochemical processes // Hazardous Materials and Wastewater: Treatment, Removal and Analysis / Lewinsky, Allison A. (ur.).
Hauppauge, NY, SAD: Nova Science Publishers, Inc, 2007. str. 149-199


Naslov
AOP as an effective tool for the minimization of hazardous organic pollutants in colored wastewater ; chemical and photochemical processes

Autori
Koprivanac, Natalija ; Kušić, Hrvoje

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Hazardous Materials and Wastewater: Treatment, Removal and Analysis

Urednik/ci
Lewinsky, Allison A.

Izdavač
Nova Science Publishers, Inc

Grad
Hauppauge, NY, SAD

Godina
2007

Raspon stranica
149-199

ISBN
1600212573

Ključne riječi
Dyes, wastewater, AOPs, ozone, UV, Fenton

Sažetak
The manufacturing and the application of organic dyes involve the production and the handling of many organic compounds hazardous to human health. Many of these substances are considered toxic, even carcinogenic. Over the past couple of decades, manufacturers and users of dyes have faced increasingly stringent legal regulations promulgated to safeguard human health and the environment. So, there is a clear need to treat dye wastewater prior to discharge into the primary effluent. The limitation of traditional wastewater treatment technologies (biological and physical), such as low rate, disability to degrade many of recalcitrant organic dyes and the production of secondary waste which demands further treatment, can be overcome by the utilization of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). These wastewater treatment methods are considered as low- or even non-waste generation technologies. AOPs are based on the production of very reactive species, such as hydroxyl radicals, able to decolorize and to reduce recalcitrant colored wastewater loads due to the high oxidation power and the lack of selectivity of OH radicals towards a broad range of organic pollutants present in wastewater. Generally, AOPs can be broadly classified concerning the way of OH radicals generation into chemical, photochemical, photocatalytic, mechanical and electrical technologies. This research deals with the application of chemical and photochemical AOPs for the minimization of recalcitrant colored pollutants present in wastewaters. The comparative study of several processes, Fe0/H2O2, UV/Fe0/H2O2, UV/O3 and UV/O3/H2O2, was performed through an experimental research of decolorization and mineralization of a reactive azo dye C.I. Reactive Blue 137, as a model wastewater pollutant. Applied processes were optimized according to their process parameters, Fe0 dosages, initial H2O2 dosages and initial pH values of treated solutions. The influence of initial organic dye concentration, as well as the addition of solid particles, synthetic zeolites, on the process effectiveness was also investigated. Studied AOPs were evaluated on the basis of their eco-effectiveness, by the means of color (A610), aromaticity (UV280), TOC and AOX value decrease, and their cost-effectiveness as well.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemijsko inženjerstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
125-1253092-1981 - Obrada otpadnih voda naprednim oksidacijskim tehnologijama (Sanja Papić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet kemijskog inženjerstva i tehnologije, Zagreb