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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 269113

Host-specific variation in infection by toxigenic fungi and contamination by mycotoxins in pearl millet and corn


Wilson, J.P.; Jurjević, Željko; Hanna, W.W.; Wilson, D.M.; Potter, T.L.; Coy, A.E.
Host-specific variation in infection by toxigenic fungi and contamination by mycotoxins in pearl millet and corn // Mycopathologia, 161 (2006), 101-107 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Host-specific variation in infection by toxigenic fungi and contamination by mycotoxins in pearl millet and corn

Autori
Wilson, J.P. ; Jurjević, Željko ; Hanna, W.W. ; Wilson, D.M. ; Potter, T.L. ; Coy, A.E.

Izvornik
Mycopathologia (0301-486X) 161 (2006); 101-107

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Aflatoxins; beauvaricin; corn; fumonisins; moniliformin; pearl millet

Sažetak
Pearl millet is widely consumed in regions of Africa and Asia, and is increasingly being grown as an alternative grain in drought-prone regions of the United States. Pearl millet and corn were grown in dryland conditions at Tifton, Georgia, USA and grains were compared for pre-harvest infection by potentially toxigenic fungi and contamination by mycotoxins. Corn hybrids Agripro 9909 and Pioneer 3146, and pearl millet Tifgrain 102 were grown in 2000 and 2001 ; pearl millet HGM 100 was included in the test in 2001. Hybrids were sown on multiple planting dates in each year to induce variation in flowering time. Host species differed in the frequency of isolation of potentially toxigenic fungal species in both years. Across years, corn hybrids were more prone to infection by Aspergillus flavus Link (maximum isolation frequency = 8.8%) and Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon sensu lato (maximum isolation frequency = 72.8%), with corresponding greater concentrations of aflatoxins (maximum concentration = 204.9 lgkg)1) and fumonisins (maximum concentration = 34, 039 lgkg)1). Pearl millet was more prone to infection by F. semitectum Berk. & Ravenel (maximum isolation = 74.2%) and F. chlamydosporum Wollenweb & Reinking (maximum isolation = 33.0%), and contamination by moniliformin (maximum contamination = 92.1 lgkg)1). Beauvericin (maximum concentration = 414.6 lgkg)1) was present in both hosts. Planting date of corn affected aflatoxin and beauvericin contamination in 2000, and fumonisin concentration in 2001. The observed differences in mycotoxin contamination of the grains, which are likely due to host-specific differences in susceptibility to pre-harvest mycoflora, may affect food safety when the crops are grown under stress conditions.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0178024

Ustanove
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Željko Jurjević, (194404)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE