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In vitro biological efficiency of tenocyclidine - TCP and its adamantane derivative TAMORF


Radić, Božica; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana; Petek, Maja Jelena; Kopjar, Nevenka; Želježić, Davor
In vitro biological efficiency of tenocyclidine - TCP and its adamantane derivative TAMORF // Toxicology in vitro, 20 (2006), 8; 1455-1464 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In vitro biological efficiency of tenocyclidine - TCP and its adamantane derivative TAMORF

Autori
Radić, Božica ; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Petek, Maja Jelena ; Kopjar, Nevenka ; Želježić, Davor

Izvornik
Toxicology in vitro (0887-2333) 20 (2006), 8; 1455-1464

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Tenocyclidine; adamantane; acetyl cholinesterase; cytotoxicity; comet assay; radioprotector

Sažetak
Tenocyclidine - TCP showing a broad spectrum of pharmacological activity including antidotal effect in organophosphorus compounds poisoning, radioprotective and anticancer effects. We investigated in vitro interactions of TCP and its adamantane derivative - TAMORF with human erythrocyte acethylcholinesterase (AChE). Moreover, their genotoxicity and radioprotective activity on human white blood cells were studied using the alkaline comet assay, viability testing and the analysis of the structural chromosome aberrations. The tested compounds were found to be weak inhibitors of AchE, for TCP IC50 =1x10-5 and for TAMORF IC50 >1x10-3, without reactivating and protective effects on AChE inhibited by soman. Results suggest that TCP modified by the replacement of the cyclohexyl ring with an adamantly ring and piperidine with morpholine group (TAMORF) have lower toxicity. Both compounds possess low cytotoxicity and radioprotective activity, but TAMORF also shows cell growth inhibitory effects. To clarify differences in their biological efficiency observed in vitro and in vivo, additional analyses are necessary. Since TAMORF was found to significantly inhibit cell growth and proliferation in vitro, it is reasonably to consider it as a source molecule promising for further modifications and development of more potent substances with antitumor properties rather then radioprotector or antidote in organophosphorus poisoning.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022015
0022019
0022020

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE