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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 260915

Assessment of the Radioprotective Effects of Amifostine and Melatonin on Human Lymphocytes Irradiated with Gamma-Rays In Vitro


Kopjar, Nevenka; Miočić, Slavica; Ramić, Snježana; Milić, Mirta; Viculin, Tomislav
Assessment of the Radioprotective Effects of Amifostine and Melatonin on Human Lymphocytes Irradiated with Gamma-Rays In Vitro // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 57 (2006), 2; 155-163 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Assessment of the Radioprotective Effects of Amifostine and Melatonin on Human Lymphocytes Irradiated with Gamma-Rays In Vitro

Autori
Kopjar, Nevenka ; Miočić, Slavica ; Ramić, Snježana ; Milić, Mirta ; Viculin, Tomislav

Izvornik
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju (0004-1254) 57 (2006), 2; 155-163

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Amifostine; gamma-rays; human lymphocytes; ionising radiation; melatonin; peripheral blood; radioprotectors

Sažetak
Radioprotective effects of amifostine and melatonin as well as their ability to modulate the level of spontaneous and gamma-irradiation-induced genetic changes on human peripheral blood lymphocytes were investigated using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay and sister chromatid exchange (SCE). Parallel blood samples were pre-treated with amifostine, melatonin and their combination for 30 minutes. Negative controls were also included. After the treatment with radioprotectors, one blood sample of each experimental group was exposed to gamma-rays from a 60Co source. The radiation dose absorbed was 2 Gy. Our research confirmed the radioprotective effects of both chemicals in vitro, with no significant genotoxicity. Pre-treated irradiated blood samples showed a decrease in the total number of micronuclei (MN) and in the number of cells with more than one MN. They also showed significantly lower mean SCE values. This study shows that it is possible combine these radioprotectors by adjusting the doses of amifostine to achieve the best radioprotective effect with as few side effects as possible. However, further in vitro and clinical studies are needed to clarify their mechanisms of action and possible interactions.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022019

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Klinika za tumore

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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