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Role of seawater concentration and major ions in oxygen consumption rate of isolated gills of the shore crab Carcinus mediterraneus Csrn


Lucu, Čedomil; Pavičić-Hamer, Dijana
Role of seawater concentration and major ions in oxygen consumption rate of isolated gills of the shore crab Carcinus mediterraneus Csrn // Comparative biochemistry and physiology. A. Comparative physiology, 112 (1995), 3-4; 565-572 doi:10.1016/0300-9629(95)02029-2 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Role of seawater concentration and major ions in oxygen consumption rate of isolated gills of the shore crab Carcinus mediterraneus Csrn

Autori
Lucu, Čedomil ; Pavičić-Hamer, Dijana

Izvornik
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. A. Comparative physiology (0300-9629) 112 (1995), 3-4; 565-572

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Oxygen consumption rate ; Inhibitors ; Na/K-ATPase ; Isolated gills ; Shore crab Carcinus

Sažetak
In the posterior gills isolated from the shore crab Carcinus mediterraneus, the effects of seawater concentration, ion substitution and ion transport inhibitors on oxygen consumption was studied. Oxygen consumption rate (VO2) of the excised gills depended on the seawater concentration of the adaptation medium of intact crabs. The VO2 measured in the gills isolated from the crabs acclimated to dilute seawater (DSW) was higher than VO2 in the gills excised from the crabs living in ordinary seawater. In the gills isolated from seawater-acclimated crabs, and transferred to dilute medium the VO2 was not increased but, rather, slightly decreased. A specific inhibitor of the enzyme Na+/K+-ATPase ouabain (2.5 × 10− 3 mol 1− 1)_reduced oxygen consumption rate by 30%. Moreover, in the K+-free saline, the VO2 was decreased by 40% suggesting the key role of the enzyme in oxidative requirements for ionic regulatory purposes. In Ca2+-free saline, containing 0.1 mmol 1− 1 EGTA VO2 was markedly decreased. Significant differences between the specific activity of Na+/K+-ATPase in homogenates and membrane vesicles isolated from gills acclimated to seawater and DSW were found. In DSW-acclimated crabs, the specific activity of gill homogenate and membrane vesicles Na+/K+-ATPase was increased, respectively by 71.6 and 122.9%, compared to the gills isolated from seawater-acclimated crabs. Addition of NaCl salts in solution preparated by isoosmotic replacement of Na+ by N-methyl-D-glucamine (NMDG) steadily increased O2 consumption. The curve was similar to an enzyme catalyzed reaction, Km amounted to 16.0 mmol Na 1− 1 and Vmax to 465 μ l O2 h− 1 per gram gill (w.w.). The inhibitor of H+-ATPase, N-ethylmaleimide (NEM), reduced O2 consumption ; I50 (50% reduced oxygen consumption from control) was attained at 5 × 10− 5 mol 1− 1 NEM. The results are discussed in terms of energetic demands of the gills in ion regulation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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