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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 257898

Influence of chromium oxide on glass forming characteristics of iron phosphate glasses

Šantić, Ana; Moguš - Milanković, Andrea; Bermanec, Vladimir; Gajović, Andreja; Kim, S. T.
Influence of chromium oxide on glass forming characteristics of iron phosphate glasses // Proceednings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation / Gajović, Srećko (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Society for Electron Microscopy, 2006. str. 118-119 (predavanje, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)

Influence of chromium oxide on glass forming characteristics of iron phosphate glasses

Šantić, Ana ; Moguš - Milanković, Andrea ; Bermanec, Vladimir ; Gajović, Andreja ; Kim, S. T.

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Proceednings, 2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation / Gajović, Srećko - Zagreb : Croatian Society for Electron Microscopy, 2006, 118-119

2nd Croatian Congress on Microscopy with International Participation

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 18-21.05.2006

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Phosphate glasses; partial crystallization; AFM; SEM

Iron phosphate glasses have been identified as an excellent candidate for immobilization of nuclear waste due to their excellent chemical durability, low melting temperatures and short melting times. In some instances, iron phosphate glasses may be more technically suitable and less expensive than the borosilicate glasses currently being the only material used to vitrify certain types of wastes. This is especially true for those wastes containing significant amount of Cr2O3 which is poorly soluble in most borosilicate glasses so the waste loading is low and radioactive volume is undesirably large. The aim of the present study was to investigate glass-forming ability and structure of iron phosphate glasses doped with high amount of Cr2O3. For that purpose two series of glasses, xCr2O3-(100-x)[40Fe2O3-60P2O5] and xCr2O3-(28.3-x)PbO-28.7Fe2O3-43.0P2O5, were prepared by melting and quenching technique. Appropriate mixtures of reagent grade: NH4H2PO4, Fe2O3, PbO and Na2CrO4 were melted between 1373 and 1473 K for 2h in air in high purity alumina crucibles. The melt was quenched in air by pouring it into a steel mould to form rectangular bars, which were annealed for 3 h at 720 K. The structural changes in glasses were investigated by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) while microstructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The samples were gold coated for SEM measurements. The differential thermal analysis (DTA) was used to study glass forming and crystallization characteristics. The Raman spectra of Cr2O3-Fe2O3-P2O5 glasses show that addition of <10 mol% Cr2O3 does not produce any changes in glass structure which is dominantly pyrophosphate. However, glass containing 10 mol% of Cr2O3 shows partial crystallization which is observed in sharp Raman bands and confirmed by XRD. The XRD pattern contains lines related to CrPO4 and unidentified lines that cannot be matched with any existing XRD data available in the powder diffraction database. The SEM micrograph of partially crystallized glass shows well defined randomly distributed crystals embedded in homogenous glass matrix. Furthermore, AFM micrographs reveal two different crystal shapes which can be assigned to two crystalline phases, CrPO4 and unidentified phase. The EDS analysis shows that glass matrix is rich in iron and phosphorus and completely chromium free, which supports the conclusion that chromium is nucleating agent in these glasses. Similarly, Raman spectra and XRD of Cr2O3-PbO-Fe2O3-P2O5 glasses show that melt underwent partial crystallization when Cr2O3 content is &#8805; 4 mol%. According to XRD, melt crystallized to crystalline phase Pb3Cr2(PO4)4. Such high crystallization tendency can be attributed to both, chromium oxide and high amount of lead oxide present in this glass system. The SEM micrographs of partially crystallized Cr2O3-PbO-Fe2O3-P2O5 glasses show complex surface microstructure. In comparison to homogenous glass matrix observed in 10Cr2O3- 30Fe2O3-60P2O5, SEM micrograph of partially crystallized 4Cr2O3-24.3PbO-28.7Fe2O3-43.0P2O5 glass shows phase separated glass matrix with well defined needle shape crystals located inside the holes. The strong tendency toward phase separation in these glass series can be anticipated from the competitive strong field strengths of phosphorous and lead which causes melt to exhibits liquid &#8211; liquid immiscibility and results in phase separated glasses.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija


Projekt / tema

Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb