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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 257531

Kinetics of struvite to newberyite transformation in the precipitation system MgC_l2-NH_4H_2PO_4-NaOH-H_2O


Babić-Ivančić, Vesna; Kontrec, Jasminka; Brečević, Ljerka; Kralj, Damir
Kinetics of struvite to newberyite transformation in the precipitation system MgC_l2-NH_4H_2PO_4-NaOH-H_2O // Water Research, 40 (2006), 3447-3455 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Kinetics of struvite to newberyite transformation in the precipitation system MgC_l2-NH_4H_2PO_4-NaOH-H_2O

Autori
Babić-Ivančić, Vesna ; Kontrec, Jasminka ; Brečević, Ljerka ; Kralj, Damir

Izvornik
Water Research (0043-1354) 40 (2006); 3447-3455

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Struvite; newberyite; precipitation; transformation; kinetics

Sažetak
The influence of the initial reactant concentrations on the composition of the solid phases formed in the precipitation system MgC_l2-NH_4H_2PO_4-NaOH-H_2O was investigated. The precipitation diagram constructed shows the approximate concentration regions within which struvite, newberyite, and their mixtures exist at 25 °C and an aging time of 60 minutes. It was found that immediately after mixing the reactant solutions, struvite (MgNH4PO4 • 6H2O) precipitated in nearly the whole concentration area, while newberyite (MgHPO4 • 3H2O) appeared mostly within the region of the excess of magnesium concentration. It was also found that after aging time of 60 minutes the precipitation domain of struvite alone is much broader than that of newberyite or the domain of their coexistence, and shows that struvite is more abundant in the systems in which the initial concentration of ammonium phosphate is higher than that of magnesium. The kinetics of struvite to newberyite transformation (conversion) was systematically studied under the conditions of different initial reactant concentrations and different initial pH in the systems in which a mixture of both phases precipitated spontaneously. The struvite to newberyite conversion period was found to be strongly related to the ratio of initial superstaturations, SN/SS, rather than to the any particular physical quantity that can describe and predict the behavior of the precipitation system. Experimental data suggest a solution-mediated process as a most possible transformation mechanism. Along with a continuous monitoring of the changes in the liquid phase, the content of struvite in the solid phase was estimated by means of a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) method, developed for this particular precipitation system.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098061

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Chemical Abstracts