Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 255038

The relation of gender, family background and theory of mind in Croatian adolescents


Kotrla Topić, Marina; Šakić, Marija
The relation of gender, family background and theory of mind in Croatian adolescents // 13th European Conference on Personality. Conference Abstracts / Pavlopouos, Vassilis ; Papathanasiou, Athanasia ; Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso (ur.).
Athens: Department of psychology, University of Athens, 2006. (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The relation of gender, family background and theory of mind in Croatian adolescents

Autori
Kotrla Topić, Marina ; Šakić, Marija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
13th European Conference on Personality. Conference Abstracts / Pavlopouos, Vassilis ; Papathanasiou, Athanasia ; Motti-Stefanidi, Frosso - Athens : Department of psychology, University of Athens, 2006

Skup
13th European Conference on Personality

Mjesto i datum
Atena, Grčka, 22-26.07.2006

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Theory of mind; family background

Sažetak
Research into individual differences in theory of mind (ToM) ability has shown several effects of the child’ s social environment, as well as the influence of gender, on ToM performance. However, the findings have not been conclusive, and the majority of empirical investigations of gender and family influences on ToM have focused on infants and young children. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of gender, family background and ToM in a sample of Croatian late adolescents. Participants were 265 nineteen year old university students (86 girls and 179 boys). To asses ToM ability in late adolescents we used a newly devised ToM test based on a multidimensional approach in examination of social-cognitive processes underlying ToM. The test comprised of two age-appropriate short stories depicting ambiguous everyday situations. Each story was followed by questions tapping four domains of social understanding, namely conceptual role taking, empathetic sensitivity, perception of a person as a psychological being with stable personality characteristics, and the ability to imagine multiple perspectives and alternatives. Along with completing the ToM test, participants also filled out a short questionnaire which included questions regarding their gender, age and family background. Measures of family background included questions about number of younger and older siblings participant has, mother’ s and father’ s education and socioeconomic status. Significant influence of gender on various aspects of ToM ability in late adolescence is found. Results are discussed in relation to earlier findings regarding gender and family influences on individual differences in ToM in children, adolescents and adults.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0194102
0194106

Ustanove
Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Zagreb