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Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework


Maksić, Zvonimir; Barić, Danijela; Muller, Thomas
Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework // The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 110 (2006), 33; 10135-10147 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework

Autori
Maksić, Zvonimir ; Barić, Danijela ; Muller, Thomas

Izvornik
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A (1089-5639) 110 (2006), 33; 10135-10147

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Clar rule

Sažetak
A number of condensed PAHs are examined to identify the underlying reasons governing empirical Clar's rule taking benzene as a limiting case. It is found that the so-called Clar's structures are the only minima on the MP2(fc) potential energy hypersurfaces, meaning that other conceivable valence isomers are nonexistent. The influence of the electron correlation energies to the stability of Clar's structures is substantial with predominating influence of the -electrons. However, the contributions arising from the - and -electron correlation energies are approximately the same, if Clar's structures are compared with some artificial -electron localized or graphite-like delocalized planar systems. Analysis of the Hartree-Fock (HF) energies provides a compelling evidence that the origin of stability of Clar's structures lies in a decrease of the positive T, Vee and Vnn energy terms relative to some characteristic virtual "delocalized" or "localized" model geometries. Partitioning of the mixed and terms in the - and -type contributions, by using the stockholder (SHR), equipartitioning (EQP) and standard (SPI) schemes, unequivocally shows that the driving force leading to Clar's structures are more favorable -type interactions. All these conclusions hold for the archetypal benzene too, which could be considered as a limiting Clar system. Finally, the boundaries of Clar's hypothesis and some common misconceptions are briefly discussed. Perusal of the geometric parameters and -bond orders reveals that there are no benzene rings completely "vacant" or "fully occupied" by the -electrons, envisaged by Clar in his picture of condensed benzenoid compounds. Instead, there are six-membered rings with higher and lower total -electron density. The bond length anisotropy of the former rings is smaller. It is concluded that Clar's proposition is a useful rule of thumb providing qualitative information on the stability of the PAH systems, which in turn should not be overinterpreted.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098058

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Maksić, Zvonimir; Barić, Danijela; Muller, Thomas
Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework // The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 110 (2006), 33; 10135-10147 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Maksić, Z., Barić, D. & Muller, T. (2006) Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 110 (33), 10135-10147.
@article{article, year = {2006}, pages = {10135-10147}, keywords = {Clar rule}, journal = {The Journal of Physical Chemistry A}, volume = {110}, number = {33}, issn = {1089-5639}, title = {Clar's Sextet Rule Is a Consequence of the Sigma-Electron Framework}, keyword = {Clar rule} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE