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Complex epsilon-phases in the Al-Pd-transition-metal systems: towards a combination of an electrical conductor with a thermal insulator


Smontara, Ana; Smiljanić, Igor; Bilušić, Ante; Grushko, B.; Balanetskyy, S.; Jagličić, Z.; Vrtnik, S.; Dolinšek, J.
Complex epsilon-phases in the Al-Pd-transition-metal systems: towards a combination of an electrical conductor with a thermal insulator // Journal of alloys and compounds, 450 (2008), 1/2; 92-102 doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2006.11.097 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Complex epsilon-phases in the Al-Pd-transition-metal systems: towards a combination of an electrical conductor with a thermal insulator

Autori
Smontara, Ana ; Smiljanić, Igor ; Bilušić, Ante ; Grushko, B. ; Balanetskyy, S. ; Jagličić, Z. ; Vrtnik, S. ; Dolinšek, J.

Izvornik
Journal of alloys and compounds (0925-8388) 450 (2008), 1/2; 92-102

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Semi-periodic solids; electronic conduction in metals and alloys

Sažetak
Epsilon-phases in the Al-Pd-(Mn, Fe, Co, Rh...) alloy systems form in wide compositional ranges and belong to the interesting class of complex intermetallics that are characterized by giant unit cells with quasicrystals-like cluster substructure. In order to see how the exceptional structural complexity and the coexistence of two competing physical length scales affect the physical properties of the material, we performed investigation of the magnetic, electrical, thermal transport and thermoelectric properties of the epsilon-phases in the Al-Pd-Fe, Al-Pd-Co and Al-Pd-Rh systems. Magnetic measurements reveal that the materials are diamagnetic, containing tiny fractions of magnetic transition-metal atoms (of the order 10-100 ppm). Electrical resistivity is moderate, of the order , and shows weak temperature dependence (in most cases of a few %) in the investigated temperature range 4-300 K. An interesting feature of the epsilon-phases is their low thermal conductivity, which is at room temperature comparable to that of thermal insulators amorphous SiO_2 and Zr/YO_2 ceramics. While SiO_2 and Zr/YO_2 are also electrical insulators, epsilon-phases exhibit electrical conductivity typical of metallic alloys, so that they offer an interesting combination of an electrical conductor with a thermal insulator. The reason for the weak thermal conductivity of the epsilon-phases appears to be structural: large and heavy atomic clusters of icosahedral symmetry in the giant unit cell kill the propagation of extended phonons, so that the lattice can no more efficiently participate in the heat transport. The thermoelectric power of the investigated - phase families is small, so that these materials do not appear promising candidates for the thermoelectric application.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika

Napomena
This work was supported in a part by the 6th Framework EU Network of Excellence 'Complex Metallic Alloys' (Contract No. NMP3-CT-2005-500140)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
035-0352826-2848 - Transport topline i naboja u jako frustriranim magnetima i srodnim materijalima (Ana Smontara, )
177-0352826-0478 - Transportna i magnetska svojstva nanostrukturiranih kompleksnih metalnih spojeva (Ante Bilušić, )

Ustanove
Institut za fiziku, Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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