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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 251131

Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study


Nishi, Kyoko; Mück-Šeler, Dorotea; Hasegawa, Shu; Watanabe, Arata; Dikšić, Mirko
Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study // Brain Research Bulletin, 70 (2006), 4-6; 368-377 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study

Autori
Nishi, Kyoko ; Mück-Šeler, Dorotea ; Hasegawa, Shu ; Watanabe, Arata ; Dikšić, Mirko

Izvornik
Brain Research Bulletin (0361-9230) 70 (2006), 4-6; 368-377

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
serotonin (5-HT); synthesis rate; autoradiography; α -methyltryptophan; rat brain regions; moclobemide; deprenyl

Sažetak
Serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) released from nerve terminals in the brain are primarily removed from the synaptic cleft by a reuptake mechanism. In part, the homeostasis is maintained by monoamine oxidase (MAO) deamination achieved primarily intra-cellularly. The present study’ s aim was to examine the effect of the acute administration of the MAO inhibitors, moclobemide (a MAO-A inhibitor) and deprenyl (a MAO-B inhibitor), on 5-HT synthesis rates, measured in discrete regions of the rat brain by an autoradiographic method, using α -[14C]methyl-L-tryptophan as a tracer. MAO inhibitors have different effects on 5-HT synthesis rates in the cell bodies and areas of the nerve terminals. Moclobemide (10 mg/kg ; i.p. 30 min before the tracer injection) and deprenyl (3 mg/kg ; 2 h before the tracer injection) decreased the 5-HT synthesis rates in the dorsal (-18% and -22%) and median (-22% and -33%) raphe, respectively. Moclobemide also significantly decreased 5-HT synthesis in the entire nerve terminal areas investigated. The reductions were between 23% (cingulate cortex) and 50% (locus coeruleus). Deprenyl did not affect significantly 5-HT synthesis in the nerve terminals. The present results suggest that MAO-A, and to a lesser extent, MAO-B, are involved in the regulation of 5-HT synthesis in the rat brain. The mechanism(s) of MAO inhibitors’ action on 5-HT synthesis in the raphe nuclei are probably related to an increase in the extraneuronal 5-HT concentration and possibly to the interaction between the serotonergic and catecholaminergic neurons. The reduction of 5-HT synthesis in the raphe nuclei probably occurs by an action of extracellular 5-HT via the dendritic autoreceptors with a possible contribution from the action of extracellular DA and NE. In the terminal regions, the most likely mechanism is via the presynaptic autoreceptors through which elevated extraneuronal 5-HT acts on synthesis control. However, there is also a possibility that the elevation in intraneuronal 5-HT directly inhibits its synthesis especially after deprenyl treatment. A great influence of moclobemide on 5-HT synthesis could be related to its antidepressant action.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti

Napomena
Doi:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2006.06.011



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098088

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Dorotea Muck-Šeler (autor)

Avatar Url Mirko Dikšić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Nishi, Kyoko; Mück-Šeler, Dorotea; Hasegawa, Shu; Watanabe, Arata; Dikšić, Mirko
Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study // Brain Research Bulletin, 70 (2006), 4-6; 368-377 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Nishi, K., Mück-Šeler, D., Hasegawa, S., Watanabe, A. & Dikšić, M. (2006) Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study. Brain Research Bulletin, 70 (4-6), 368-377.
@article{article, year = {2006}, pages = {368-377}, keywords = {serotonin (5-HT), synthesis rate, autoradiography, and \#945, -methyltryptophan, rat brain regions, moclobemide, deprenyl}, journal = {Brain Research Bulletin}, volume = {70}, number = {4-6}, issn = {0361-9230}, title = {Acute Effects of Moclobemide and Deprenyl on 5-HT Synthesis Rates in the Rat Brain: An Autoradiographic Study}, keyword = {serotonin (5-HT), synthesis rate, autoradiography, and \#945, -methyltryptophan, rat brain regions, moclobemide, deprenyl} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE