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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 249953

TPMT Gene Polymorphisms in Croatian Population


Kapitanović, Sanja; Jokić, Mladen; Jurišić, Giorgia
TPMT Gene Polymorphisms in Croatian Population // Abstracts of the European Human Genetics Conference 2006 in European Journal of Human Genetics.
Amsterdam: Nature Publishing Group, 2006. str. 353-353 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
TPMT Gene Polymorphisms in Croatian Population

Autori
Kapitanović, Sanja ; Jokić, Mladen ; Jurišić, Giorgia

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the European Human Genetics Conference 2006 in European Journal of Human Genetics. / - Amsterdam : Nature Publishing Group, 2006, 353-353

Skup
European Human Genetics Conference 2006

Mjesto i datum
Amsterdam, Nizozemska, 06.-09.05.2006

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
TPMT; polymorphisms; pharmacogenetics

Sažetak
Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) catalyzes the S-methylation of azathioprine (AZA), 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) and thioguanine, medications widely used to treat malignancies, rheumatic diseases, dermatologic conditions, inflammatory bowel disease and solid organ transplantat rejection. Low TPMT activity plays a significant role in the occurence of life-threatening myelosupression, a serious toxicity of thiopurine drugs. Altered TPMT activity predominantly results from single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). To date, eight TPMT alleles have been identified, including three alleles (TPMT*2, TPMT*3A and TPMT*3C) which account for 80-95% of intermediate or low enzyme activity. Ten percent of individuals with intermediate activity are heterozygous at the TPMT gene locus and 0.3% are homozygous for low activity alleles. The aim of our study was to estimate allelic frequency for three SNPs in TPMT gene in the Croatian population. DNAs obtained from 350 unrelated individuals were genotyped for the TPMT*2, TPMT*3A, TPMT*3B and TPMT*3C SNPs using allele-specific PCR or PCR-RFLP method. The frequency of heterozygous TPMT genotype in Croatian population was 5.7%. The frequency of the three allelic variants of the TPMT gene were: 0.6% for TPMT*2, 4.2% for TPMT*3A, and 0.9% for TPMT*3C. The TPMT*3B allele was not detected in any of the samples analyzed. In conclusion, this study demonstrate that the TPMT*3A allele is a common allele in the Croatian population. The low frequency of heterozygous TPMT genotype in Croatian population can be explained by interethnic variations of TPMT alleles. In our oppinion this information would be helpful for identifying patients at high risk of inadequate responses to thiopurine therapy.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Farmacija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098108

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE