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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 238902

Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment


Kozarić-Kovačić, Dragica; Pivac, Nela
Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment // Novel Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD / Roy, M. J. (ur.).
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2006. str. 42-58


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Naslov
Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment

Autori
Kozarić-Kovačić, Dragica ; Pivac, Nela

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Novel Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD

Urednik/ci
Roy, M. J.

Izdavač
IOS Press

Grad
Amsterdam

Godina
2006

Raspon stranica
42-58

ISBN
1-58603-590-8

Ključne riječi
Combat related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, War veterans, Psychotic features, Treatment, Atypical Antipsychotics, Olanzapine, Risperidone, Clozapine

Sažetak
Combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe debilitating psychiatric illness associated with different comorbidities. When complicated with comorbid psychotic features, PTSD is usually refractory to treatment and requires the use of other pharmacotherapeutic strategies, i.e. typical or atypical antipsychotics. In 81 male war veterans with chronic combat related PTSD with psychotic features, treatment response, clinical symptoms and adverse events were assessed using Watson‘ s PTSD questionnaire, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), Clinical Global Impression Severity Scale (CGI-S), CGI-Improvement (CGI-I), Patient Global Impression Improvement Scale (PGI-I) And Drug Induced Extra-Pyramidal Symptoms Scale (DIEPSS). War veterans were treated for 6 weeks with fluphenazine (27 patients), olanzapine (28 patients) in a dose range of 5-10 mg/day, or risperidone (26 patients) in a doses of 2-4 mg/day, as a monotherapy. Treatment with atypical antipsychotic olanzapine or risperidone for 6 weeks improved significantly most of the PTSD and psychotic symptoms in war veterans with combat-related chronic psychotic PTSD. Olanzapine and risperidone showed similar efficacy and tolerability and induced fewer side effects than fluphenazine, suggesting that atypical antipsychotics might have beneficial effects in war veterans with treatment-resistant psychotic PTSD. In an open study the effect of clozapine was evaluated in war veterans with combat-related PTSD complicated with severe insomnia and nightmares: 34 patients were treated for 7 days with clozapine, and 37 patients with sedatives. Clozapine was shown to be efficient in veterans having PTSD as well as in severe sleep disorders and nightmares, due to its strong sedative and anxiolytic effect.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098088

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Klinička bolnica "Dubrava"

Profili:

Avatar Url Nela Pivac (autor)

Avatar Url Dragica Kozarić-Kovačić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kozarić-Kovačić, Dragica; Pivac, Nela
Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment // Novel Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD / Roy, M. J. (ur.).
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2006. str. 42-58
Kozarić-Kovačić, D. & Pivac, N. (2006) Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment. U: Roy, M. (ur.) Novel Approaches to Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD. Amsterdam, IOS Press, str. 42-58.
@inbook{inbook, editor = {Roy, M.}, year = {2006}, pages = {42-58}, keywords = {Combat related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, War veterans, Psychotic features, Treatment, Atypical Antipsychotics, Olanzapine, Risperidone, Clozapine}, isbn = {1-58603-590-8}, title = {Psychotic features of combat related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and antipsychotic treatment}, keyword = {Combat related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, War veterans, Psychotic features, Treatment, Atypical Antipsychotics, Olanzapine, Risperidone, Clozapine}, publisher = {IOS Press}, publisherplace = {Amsterdam} }