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Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols


Vianello, Robert; Maksić, Zvonimir
Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols // Tetrahedron, 62 (2006), 3402-3411 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols

Autori
Vianello, Robert ; Maksić, Zvonimir

Izvornik
Tetrahedron (0040-4020) 62 (2006); 3402-3411

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
acidity; phenol; substituent effect; superacidifiers; triadic analysis

Sažetak
A large variety of para-substituted phenols was examined and their acidities in the gas-phase were rationalized by triadic formula, which is capable to delineate the initial, intermediate and final state effects in the deprotonation process. It is shown that triadic analysis is equivalent to the homodesmotic reactions approach being much more informative at the same time. The applied MP2(fc)/6-311+G(d, p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d) theoretical method gives acidities in very good agreement with available measured values meaning that calculations can safely replace the missing experimental data for compounds not easily amenable to laboratory examinations. It is found that the underlying principle leading to enhanced acidity of para-substituted phenols containing strong pi-electron acceptor groups is the final state effect. It reflects a more pronounced ability to accommodate the excess negative charge. Particular attention has been focused on superacidifying NO2, SO2CF3 and S(O)(=NSO2CF3)CF3 and C(CN)=C(CN)2 moieties. It is shown that their influence on acidity is strong and that the deprotonation ability increases along the sequence of substituents NO2 < SO2CF3 < S(O)(=NSO2CF3)CF3 < C(CN)=C(CN)2. On the contrary, the electron releasing substituents NH2, OCH3, OH and CH3 decrease acidity of phenol albeit to a small extent. Finally, it is demonstrated that pentacyano derivative of phenol is a powerful OH superacid as evidenced by delta(Hacid) value of 287.5 kcal mol-1.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098058

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Zvonimir Maksić (autor)

Avatar Url Robert Vianello (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Vianello, Robert; Maksić, Zvonimir
Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols // Tetrahedron, 62 (2006), 3402-3411 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Vianello, R. & Maksić, Z. (2006) Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols. Tetrahedron, 62, 3402-3411.
@article{article, year = {2006}, pages = {3402-3411}, keywords = {acidity, phenol, substituent effect, superacidifiers, triadic analysis}, journal = {Tetrahedron}, volume = {62}, issn = {0040-4020}, title = {Triadic analysis of substituent effects - gas-phase acidity of para-substituted phenols}, keyword = {acidity, phenol, substituent effect, superacidifiers, triadic analysis} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus