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National and European Identity and Attitudes toward the European Integrations


Kamenov, Željka; Jelić, Margareta; Franceško, Mirjana; Mihić, Vladimir; Huić, Aleksandra
National and European Identity and Attitudes toward the European Integrations // 9th European Congress of Psychology
Granada, 2005. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
National and European Identity and Attitudes toward the European Integrations

Autori
Kamenov, Željka ; Jelić, Margareta ; Franceško, Mirjana ; Mihić, Vladimir ; Huić, Aleksandra

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
9th European Congress of Psychology / - Granada, 2005

Skup
9th European Congress of Psychology

Mjesto i datum
Granada, Španjolska, 03-08.07.2005

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
National identity; European identity

Sažetak
In the context of European Integration, the construct of European identity is becoming increasingly popular in social studies and for social psychologists there most relevant issue is its relation to national identity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between national and European identity when measured with various instruments. The second goal was to assess the level of national and European identity and attitudes toward European Integrations depending on participants’ age, gender and educational level. Citizens from two European countries, not yet members of the European Union, Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro, participated in this study. The total of 400 participants from each country were selected according to their gender, age and educational level. The questionnaire consisted of Cinnirela’ s European Identity Scale and National Identity Scale, NAIT (Čorkalo and Kamenov, 1998) and STEIN (Franceško et al, 2003) Results suggest orthogonal relation between national and European identity when measured with Cinnirela’ s scales and low negative correlation when measured with NAIT and STEIN scales. The letter result confirms our hypothesis that European identity and attitude toward European Integrations are not the same construct. Participants from both countries express higher level of national than European identity, which was expected because national identity salience is one of the well-documented consequences in the aftermath of war. Although generally men, older participants and those with of lower educational level show higher national identity, significant interactions of age, gender and educational level were found. Results will be discussed taking into account recent social identity theories and socio-economic and political situation in the two countries.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0130485

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb