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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 212029

Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis


Grce, Magdalena
Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis // 1st Central European Forum for Microbiology
Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary, 2005. (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 212029 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis

Autori
Grce, Magdalena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni

Skup
1st Central European Forum for Microbiology

Mjesto i datum
Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary, 26.-28.10.2005

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Sažetak
Genital papillomaviruses (HPV) infections are among the most common viral sexually transmitted infections. Approximately 40 HPV types infect the anogenital tract and a few types are consistently found in anogenital cancer biopsy specimens, notably cervical cancer. HPV DNA has been identified in almost all-cervical cancer biopsies, among which HPV type 16 is found in more than 50% of cervical cancer cases worldwide. HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73 and 82 are considered viruses with high oncogenic potential (high risk – HR), while HPV types 26, 53 and 66 are probably oncogenic. In contrast to HR HPV, HPV types 6, 11, 40, 42, 43, 44, 54, 61, 70, 72, 81 and CP6108 are considered viruses with low oncogenic potential (low risk – LR). The high prevalence of latent HPV infection among sexually active young women and its significant decrease by 30 years of age reflects the transient nature of most cases of HPV infection. In contrast, persistent HPV infection over many years leads to genetic alterations, development of precancerous lesions and progression of those to cervical cancer. Thus, persistent HPV infection appears to play a central role in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. As cervical pathogenesis develops slowly over many years cervical cancer could be prevented and treated if detected on time. Therefore, HPV detection and typing represents a useful and important tool for the diagnosis of HPV associated diseases and management of women at risk. The molecular methods used for HPV testing are based on the method of hybridization, DNA amplification or both. Several commercially methods suitable for large scale HPV testing in clinical laboratories are available. HPV testing detects prevalent infection and when applied at age 30 years or older, identifies those with a persistent type-specific infection. These women are at high risk for either having or developing cervical precancerous lesions. Recent clinical studies indicate that the combination of cervical cytology and HPV testing can significantly improve primary cervical cancer screening with a sensitivity of 100% for detecting cervical precancerous lesions. The very high negative predictive value of HPV testing allows longer screening interval. Furthermore, HPV test alone is significantly more sensitive than and as specific as conventional cervical cytology in a primary cervical cancer screening. HPV testing alone may also be an attractive alternative to cytology in low resource countries with a high prevalence of cervical cancer. Identification of cervical precancerous lesions through cervical cytology and/or HPV testing and eventually their prevention through HPV vaccination and public health measures will lead to a significant decrease, if not complete eradication of cervical cancer in the next decades.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0098104

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Grce, Magdalena
Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis // 1st Central European Forum for Microbiology
Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary, 2005. (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, neobjavljeni rad, znanstveni)
Grce, M. (2005) Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis. U: 1st Central European Forum for Microbiology.
@article{article, author = {Grce, Magdalena}, year = {2005}, keywords = {Human papillomavirus (HPV)}, title = {Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis}, keyword = {Human papillomavirus (HPV)}, publisherplace = {Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary} }
@article{article, author = {Grce, Magdalena}, year = {2005}, keywords = {Human papillomavirus (HPV)}, title = {Genital HPV Infection: Health Implication and Diagnosis}, keyword = {Human papillomavirus (HPV)}, publisherplace = {Keszthely, Lake Balaton, Hungary} }




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