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Airborne Betulaceae pollen content in the city of Zagreb and implications on pollen allergy


Peternel, Renata; Musić Milanović, Sanja; Čulig, Josip
Airborne Betulaceae pollen content in the city of Zagreb and implications on pollen allergy // 2. hrvatski epidemiološki kongres : Knjiga sažetaka / Aleraj, Borislav (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko epidemiološko društvo, 2005. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Airborne Betulaceae pollen content in the city of Zagreb and implications on pollen allergy

Autori
Peternel, Renata ; Musić Milanović, Sanja ; Čulig, Josip

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
2. hrvatski epidemiološki kongres : Knjiga sažetaka / Aleraj, Borislav - Zagreb : Hrvatsko epidemiološko društvo, 2005

Skup
Hrvatski epidemiološki kongres (2 ; 2005)

Mjesto i datum
Rovinj, Hrvatska, 26.-29.10.2005

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Airborne pollen; Betulaceae; pollen allergy

Sažetak
In Northern and Central Europe, pollen from the representatives of the family Betulaceae is a significant contributor to the incidence of pollinosis . This family includes the genera Alnus (alder), Betula (birch) and Corylus (hazel). The allergenic significance of the family Betulaceae is based on the fact that the trees are widespread and shed large quantities of windborne pollen, which rapidly release their allergenic substances in the respiratory passages. The aim of this study was to analyse airborne Betulaceae pollen content in the air of Zagreb, as well as to consider possible implications regarding pollen allergies.The study was carried out during three seasons (2002-2004). Total annual airborne pollen of Alnus, Corylus and Betula greatly varied from year to year. The differences in the onset of pollen seasons of Alnus, Corylus and Betula noted in Zagreb in 2002-2004 were due to weather conditions, which are known to affect their pollination. In all studied years, pollen season peaks were recorded on days with temperature above 0 °C and without or minimal precipitation. The mean number of days with airborne pollen concentration exceeding the level provoking the symptoms of allergic reaction was 15, 16 and even 29 days for alder, hazel and birch, respectively. Looking at the clinical results, reaction to Betulaceae pollen have been studied since 2004. Sensitivity to Betulaceae pollen was found in 225 patients with pollinosis out of 678 patients. This suggests a 33.18% sensitivity to Betulaceae pollen.The results of the present study provide useful data for allergologists to reach accurate diagnoses, and timely information on airborne pollen types and concentrations for individuals with pollen hypersensitivity. Minimization of the symptoms of pollen allergy is strictly related to avoidance of exposure to large doses of the allergen.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0121999

Ustanove
Nastavni zavod za javno zdravstvo "Dr. Andrija Štampar"