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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 210575

Estimation of the Adriatic Sea water turnover time using fallout 90Sr as a radioactive tracer


Franić, Zdenko
Estimation of the Adriatic Sea water turnover time using fallout 90Sr as a radioactive tracer // Journal of marine systems, 57 (2005), 1-12 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Estimation of the Adriatic Sea water turnover time using fallout 90Sr as a radioactive tracer

Autori
Franić, Zdenko

Izvornik
Journal of marine systems (0924-7963) 57 (2005); 1-12

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Adriatic Sea; Model; Radioactivity; 90Sr; Sea water

Sažetak
Systematic, long-term measurements, starting in 1963, of 90Sr activity concentrations in sea water have been performed at four locations (cities of Rovinj, Rijeka, Split and Dubrovnik) along the Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. In addition, fallout samples were collected in the city of Zadar. 90Sr activity concentrations are in good correlation with the fallout activity, the coefficient of correlation being 0.72. After the nuclear moratorium on atmospheric nuclear bomb tests in 1960s, 90Sr activity concentrations in sea water exponentially dropped from 14.8F2.4 Bq m_3 in 1963 to 2.0F0.3 Bq m_3 in 2003. In the same period, the total annual 90Sr land surface deposit in Zadar fell by three orders of magnitude, from 713.3 Bq m_2 in 1963 to 0.4 Bq m_2 in 2003. Using strontium sea water and fallout data, a mathematical model was developed to describe the rate of change of 90Sr activity concentrations in the Adriatic Sea water and estimate its mean residence time in the Adriatic. By fitting the experimental data to a theoretically predicted curve, the mean residence time of 90Sr in the Adriatic Sea water was estimated to be approximately 3.4F0.4 years, standard deviation being calculated by Monte Carlo simulations. As in physical oceanography 90Sr can be used as effective radioactive tracer of water mass transport, this value also reflects the upper limit for turnover time of the Adriatic Sea water. The turnover time of 3.4 years for the Adriatic Sea water is in reasonable agreement with the value which was estimated, by studying water flows through the Strait of Otranto, to be on the order of 1 year.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022001

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Zdenko Franić, (7362)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus