Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 191880

How long can an escalation of dose override tolerance to hypotensive efficacy of nitroglycerin infusion in coronary care patient


Miličević, Goran; Goldner, Vladimir; Vrhovac, Božidar; Planinc, Danijel; Prpić, Hrvoje; Majsec, Marcel
How long can an escalation of dose override tolerance to hypotensive efficacy of nitroglycerin infusion in coronary care patient // Cardiovascular drugs and therapy, 13 (1999), 6; 531-536 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
How long can an escalation of dose override tolerance to hypotensive efficacy of nitroglycerin infusion in coronary care patient

Autori
Miličević, Goran ; Goldner, Vladimir ; Vrhovac, Božidar ; Planinc, Danijel ; Prpić, Hrvoje ; Majsec, Marcel

Izvornik
Cardiovascular drugs and therapy (0920-3206) 13 (1999), 6; 531-536

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Nitroglycerin; nitrate tolerance; dose escalation; acute myocardial infarction;

Sažetak
Tolerance to nitroglycerin infusion (NG) can be overridden by dose escalation. The aim of this study was to define for how long it can be done for hypotensive efficacy of NG, in a coronary care setting. A prospective trial with an intra-individual therapeutic comparison was performed in 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina. Initial efficacy of NG was confirmed by a 10% blood pressure decrease (measured by cuff). Seventy-two-hour NG infusion was interrupted, for 30 minutes, every 12 hours. If blood pressure increased for 10% after infusion interruption, the infusion was continued at the previous rate. If blood pressure did not increase (detected tolerance - weakened efficacy of NG), the dose was increased until pressure decreased by 10% and the infusion was continued at the new dose. Failure to achieve hypotensive response, despite a 5-fold dose increase, indicated onset of resistance - completely lost hypotensive efficacy of NG. The majority of patients (49 out of 55) who developed tolerance, developed it during the first 36 hours, while the majority of those who developed resistance (33 out of 40) developed it within 60 hours of the infusion. Tolerance was overridden by dose escalation in 41 out of 55 patients, which was repeated in 31 patient. Complete restoration of NG action was possible over 24 hours in half the patients, and over 48 hours in one third of the patients. Three out of 34 patients who developed tolerance before 13th hour did not develop resistance during the following 60 hours of dose up-titration. The conclusion is that tolerance to NG can be overridden by dose escalation in the majority of patients for a significant period of time, which is useful in clinical practice.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Index Medicus