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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 191849

Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure


Klarica, Marijan; Varda, Robert; Orešković, Darko; Radoš, Milan; Mandac, Inga; Bulat, Marin
Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure // Periodicum biologorum, 107 (2005), 2; 153-156 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 191849 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure

Autori
Klarica, Marijan ; Varda, Robert ; Orešković, Darko ; Radoš, Milan ; Mandac, Inga ; Bulat, Marin

Izvornik
Periodicum biologorum (0031-5362) 107 (2005), 2; 153-156

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
mannitol ; intracranial pressure ; cervical stenosis ; spinal dura compliance

Sažetak
Background and purpose: Hyperosmolar mannitol is used for treatmentof intracranial hypertension but mechanism how it lowers the cerebrospinal (CSF) pressure is still controversial. After application of mannitol the CSF pressure is usually lowered within 30 min but this effect cannot be explained either by changes in intracranial blood volume and flow or by changes in volume of both intra- and extracellular fluid in tissue of the central nervous system (CNS). We assume that after intravenous application of mannitol an osmotic gradient across the blood-brain barrier is generated with consequente osmotic "suction" of water from extracellular space is replaced by water coming from CSF. Since cranial dura is closely attached to bones, in contrast to spinal dura wich is relatively free and compliant, we suppose that water in CNS extracellular space is replaced by water originating from spinal CSF with consequent fall of CSF pressure. Materials and Methods: To explore such a possibility we planned to separate spinal and cerebral CSF. In chloralose anaesthetized cats the dorsal laminectomy of C2 vertebrae was performed and a plastic semiring was positioned extradurally separating cranial and spinal CSF. CSF pressure were recorded via cannulas positioned in both lateral ventricle and lumbar subarachnoid space at L3 vertebrae, respectively. Results: After position of plastic semiring the CSF pressures transiently increased but soon returned to normal value without development of any significant pressure gradient between ventricular and lumbar CSF over next 60 min. When CSF pressure was increased by infusion of mock CSF into lateral ventricle and than mannitol applied intravenously (1.0 g/kg over 3 min) ventricular and lumbar CSF pressure fall over next 10 min, but therafter the ventricular CSF pressure remained constant while lumbar CSF pressure continued to fall creating a gradient of CSF pressure of 7 to 9 cm H2O. However, after removal of cervical stenosis these gradients disappeared. Conclusion: The obesved changes of CSF pressure in separated spinal and intracranial spaces after application of hyperosmolar mannitol indicate that CSF absorption and decrease of spinal CSF volume are mainly responsible for overall of CSF pressure inside craniospinal space.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0098069
0108134

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Marijan Klarica (autor)

Avatar Url Marin Bulat (autor)

Avatar Url Darko Orešković (autor)

Avatar Url Robert Varda (autor)

Avatar Url Milan Radoš (autor)

Avatar Url Inga Mandac (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Klarica, Marijan; Varda, Robert; Orešković, Darko; Radoš, Milan; Mandac, Inga; Bulat, Marin
Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure // Periodicum biologorum, 107 (2005), 2; 153-156 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Klarica, M., Varda, R., Orešković, D., Radoš, M., Mandac, I. & Bulat, M. (2005) Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure. Periodicum biologorum, 107 (2), 153-156.
@article{article, author = {Klarica, Marijan and Varda, Robert and Ore\v{s}kovi\'{c}, Darko and Rado\v{s}, Milan and Mandac, Inga and Bulat, Marin}, year = {2005}, pages = {153-156}, keywords = {mannitol, intracranial pressure, cervical stenosis, spinal dura compliance}, journal = {Periodicum biologorum}, volume = {107}, number = {2}, issn = {0031-5362}, title = {Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure}, keyword = {mannitol, intracranial pressure, cervical stenosis, spinal dura compliance} }
@article{article, author = {Klarica, Marijan and Varda, Robert and Ore\v{s}kovi\'{c}, Darko and Rado\v{s}, Milan and Mandac, Inga and Bulat, Marin}, year = {2005}, pages = {153-156}, keywords = {mannitol, intracranial pressure, cervical stenosis, spinal dura compliance}, journal = {Periodicum biologorum}, volume = {107}, number = {2}, issn = {0031-5362}, title = {Mechanisms of Action of Mannitol in Lowering of CSF Pressure}, keyword = {mannitol, intracranial pressure, cervical stenosis, spinal dura compliance} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus





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