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Running G and \Lambda at low energies from physics at M_X: possible cosmological and astrophysical implications


Shapiro, I.L.; Sola, J.; Štefančić, Hrvoje
Running G and \Lambda at low energies from physics at M_X: possible cosmological and astrophysical implications // Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics, 1 (2005), 12-12 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Running G and \Lambda at low energies from physics at M_X: possible cosmological and astrophysical implications

Autori
Shapiro, I.L. ; Sola, J. ; Štefančić, Hrvoje

Izvornik
Journal of cosmology and astroparticle physics (1475-7516) 1 (2005); 12-12

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Renormalization group; Newton constant; cosmological term

Sažetak
The renormalization group (RG) approach to cosmology is an efficient method to study the possible evolution of the cosmological parameters from the point of view of quantum field theory in curved space-time. In this work we continue our previous investigations of the RG method based on potential low-energy effects induced from physics at very high energy scales M_X near M_P. In the present instance we assume that both the Newton constant, G, and the cosmological term, \Lambda, can be functions of a scale parameter \mu. It turns out that G(\mu) evolves according to a logarithmic law which may lead to asymptotic freedom of gravity, similar to the gauge coupling in QCD. At the same time \Lambda(\mu) evolves quadratically with \mu. We study the consistency and cosmological consequences of these laws when \mu=H. Furthermore, we propose to extend this method to the astrophysical domain after identifying the local RG scale at the galactic level. It turns out that Kepler's third law of celestial mechanics receives quantum corrections that may help to explain the flat rotation curves of the galaxies without introducing the dark matter hypothesis. The origin of these effects (cosmological and astrophysical) could be linked, in our framework, to physics at M_X= 10^{; ; ; 16-17}; ; ; GeV.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098002

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Hrvoje Štefančić, (235826)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus