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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 177493

The evaluation of genotoxic risk in medical personnel occupationally exposed to ultrasound : The alkaline comet assay


Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera; Kopjar, Nevenka
The evaluation of genotoxic risk in medical personnel occupationally exposed to ultrasound : The alkaline comet assay // 11th International congress of the international radiation protection association / IRPA (ur.).
Madrid: IRPA, 2004. str. 1-9 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
The evaluation of genotoxic risk in medical personnel occupationally exposed to ultrasound : The alkaline comet assay
(The eveluation of genotoxic risks in medical personnel occupationally exposed to ultrasound : The alkaline comet assay study)

Autori
Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera ; Kopjar, Nevenka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
11th International congress of the international radiation protection association / IRPA - Madrid : IRPA, 2004, 1-9

Skup
International congress of the international radiation protection association (11 ; 2004)

Mjesto i datum
Madrid, Španjolska, 23.-28.05.2004

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Occupationally exposed; ultrasound; human lymphocytesciti; komet test u alkalnoj izvedbi
(Occupatinallly exposed; ultrasound; human lymphocytes; alakaline comet assay)

Sažetak
The use of ultrasound devices in medical diagnosis has experienced a phenomenal growth in recent years. Therefore it has become important to check its genetic harmlessness, especially in occupationally exposed medical personnel. In the present study, the alkaline comet assay was selected as a sensitive biomarker of exposure to evaluate the levels of primary DNA damage in peripheral blood leukocytes of ultarsound-exposed and corresponding control subjects. Exposed and control groups comparised of 30 subjects of similar age and smoking habits. The venous blood samples were processed by standard comet assay procedure: They were embedded into agarose microgels, subjected to lysis, denaturation and electrophoresis in alkaline conditions. The extent of DNA migration in leukocytes was assessed by measuring of comet tail lrngth and tail moment. A total of 100 randomly captured comets from each slide were examined using an epifluorescent microscope connected through a black and white camera to an computerising image analysis system. The results obtained indicate potentially genotoxic effects of daily occupational exposure to ultrasound with significant increased values of comet tail length and taiul moment measured in leukocytes of the exposed subjects compared to control. Within exposed group significanr inter-individual differences in DNA damage were assessed, indicating different genome sensitivity. It was also observed that smoking habits influenced the levels of primary DNA damage in some control ans exposed subjects. In spite of their limitations, results of present comet assay study indicate that individuals occupationally exposed to ultrasound may ecperience an increased genotoxic risk and strongly emphesize the need for more research into the nature and extent of the biological consequences to medical personnel working with ultrasound.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022020

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb