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Anticonvulsant effects of acute and repeated fluoxetine treatment in unstressed and stressed mice


Peričić, Danka; Lazić, Josipa; Švob Štrac, Dubravka
Anticonvulsant effects of acute and repeated fluoxetine treatment in unstressed and stressed mice // Brain research, 1033 (2005), 1; 90-95 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Anticonvulsant effects of acute and repeated fluoxetine treatment in unstressed and stressed mice

Autori
Peričić, Danka ; Lazić, Josipa ; Švob Štrac, Dubravka

Izvornik
Brain research (0006-8993) 1033 (2005), 1; 90-95

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Fluoxetine; Acute and repeated treatment; Picrotoxin-induced convulsions; Swim stress

Sažetak
Comorbidity of epilepsy and depression is not rare. Stress can affect both depression and seizures. Therefore, it is important to know whether an antidepressant drug has pro- or anti-convulsant properties and whether these properties will be modified by stress. We tested the effects of the antidepressant drug fluoxetine on the seizure threshold for picrotoxin in unstressed and swim-stressed mice. The mice were, prior to exposure to swim stress and the intravenous infusion of picrotoxin (a non-competitive GABA-A receptor antagonist) pre-treated with fluoxetine (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), either acutely or repeatedly (5 days), and the latency to the onset of two convulsant signs and death was registered. The convulsant signs were: running/bouncing clonus and tonic hindlimb extension. As expected, swim stress enhanced the seizure threshold for picrotoxin. Fluoxetine (20 mg/kg i.p.) given acutely increased in unstressed and swim-stressed mice the dose of picrotoxin producing tonic hindlimb extension and in unstressed mice the dose of picrotoxin producing death. Neither 10 nor 20 mg/kg of fluoxetine affected doses of picrotoxin needed to produce running bouncing/clonus. Repeated treatment with fluoxetine (20 mg/kg i.p.) enhanced significantly in unstressed and swim-stressed mice doses of picrotoxin needed to produce tonic hindlimb extension and death, and in stressed mice also the dose of picrotoxin producing running/bouncing clonus. The results demonstrate that the antidepressant drug fluoxetine, given acutely or repeatedly, shows anticonvulsant properties against convulsions induced in unstressed and swim-stressed mice by antagonist of GABAA receptors, picrotoxin. Swim stress failed to modify the anticonvulsant properties of fluoxetine.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0098103

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE