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Absolute proton affinities of biphenyl and its derivatives


Maksić, Zvonimir B.; Barić, Danijela; Kovačević, Borislav
Absolute proton affinities of biphenyl and its derivatives // Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin transactions. II, 5 (1999), 1011-1017 doi:10.1039/A808501C (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Absolute proton affinities of biphenyl and its derivatives

Autori
Maksić, Zvonimir B. ; Barić, Danijela ; Kovačević, Borislav

Izvornik
Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin transactions. II (0300-9580) 5 (1999); 1011-1017

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Biphenyl ; substituted byphenyls ; proton affinity ; semiempirical AM1 calculations

Sažetak
The spatial structure of biphenyl 1 is studied by the semiempirical AM1 and ab initio HF/6-31G* and MP2(fc)/6-31G* theoretical models. The resulting bond distances are in good agreement with the X-ray structure. The calculated dihedral angle is in accordance with the value observed by the electron diffraction technique (theta = 45°). Its large value is a compromise between the steric hindrance effect and the pi-electron conjugation. The estimated barrier heights for the internal rotation is very low however. Theoretical values are in accordance with the available experimental evidence. The calculated proton affinity (PA) obtained by the scaled (AM1)sc model and by using the MP2 level of theory compares very well with the experimental value. It is by some 13 kcal/mol higher than the reference PA value of benzene, because of the strong resonance interaction between two phenyl rings. The increase in the pi-electron conjugation energy triggered by protonation overcomes the steric repulsion between H atoms thus decreasing the twist angle by some 20 °. The apical carbon atom, placed para to coannular CC bond, is most susceptible to the proton attack. On the other hand, the PA values for ipso and meta carbons are substantionally lower since an amplification of the inter-ring conjugation interaction is then precluded. The PA increments for the CH3 group and F atom monosubstituted biphenyls are determined by using the (AM1)sc approach. They are employed in estimating proton affinities of a number of polysubstituted biphenyls applying a very simple additivity formula based on the independent substituent approximation (ISA). It is shown that the performance of the additivity rule is very good. Variation in the PA of substituted biphenyls is rationalized in the terms of the conjugation effect and repulsion between hydrogen atoms or substituents attached to the vis-a-vis ortho positions of the neighbouring rings (steric effect). Finally, the proton affinity of fluorene possessing a "frozen" planar biphenyl moiety is calculated and compared with that of the paradigmatic Mills-Nixon (MN) system - indan. It is found that PA values of the former compound are determined by the MN and resonance effects, the latter being predominant. The most basic site in fluorene is the C(4) atom where both effects act in a synergistic way.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00980803

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI


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