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Daily calcium intake in women with osteoporosis and osteopenia


Colić Barić, Irena; Šatalić, Zvonimir; Giljević, Zlatko; Škreb, Franjo; Mandić, Mirna
Daily calcium intake in women with osteoporosis and osteopenia // Current Studies of Biotechnology Vol. III - Food / Zlatko Kniewald (ur.).
Zagreb: Medicinska Naklada, 2003. str. 265-271


Naslov
Daily calcium intake in women with osteoporosis and osteopenia

Autori
Colić Barić, Irena ; Šatalić, Zvonimir ; Giljević, Zlatko ; Škreb, Franjo ; Mandić, Mirna

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Current Studies of Biotechnology Vol. III - Food

Urednik/ci
Zlatko Kniewald

Izdavač
Medicinska Naklada

Grad
Zagreb

Godina
2003

Raspon stranica
265-271

ISBN
953-176-209-0

Ključne riječi
Osteoporosis, osteopenia, calcium, diet, women, FFQ

Sažetak
Epidemiological and clinical evidence indicate that adequate calcium intake decreases the risk and progress of metabolic bone diseases such as osteoporosis and osteopenia. Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) for calcium for women older than 50 years is 1200 mg. Data presented is up to this point a result of a continuing survey of dietary and other behavior in women with osteoporosis and osteopenia. A completely quantified Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-h recall were used as a dietary assessment method. Additional questionnaire provided demographics and information on calcium supplement use. The subjects (n = 199) were patients who came for regular physician’ s examination in 2 hospitals. Mean age was 64.1 ± 8.68 years (mean ± SD). An average dietary calcium intake was 945.9 mg, i.e. 79.8% DRI. Dietary calcium intake above 100% DRI was observed in 27.8% subjects. Calcium supplement use was reported by 60.2% subjects. When summed dietary calcium and calcium obtained from supplements in 47.4% subjects calcium intake was above 100% DRI. Higher total calcium intake was observed in subjects who do use calcium supplements when compared with those who do not (110.5 vs. 86.1% DRI). Subjects who do not use calcium supplements provided significantly more calcium from food than subjects who use calcium supplements (86.1 vs 75.7% DRI, p = 0.011). A higher percent of supplement users (59.3%) had total calcium intake above 100% DRI than non-users (28.9%). Recommended prevention measures and treatment include calcium supplements when it is not possible to achieve adequate dietary calcium intake, as well as better nutritional education for patients with osteoporosis and osteopenia.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0058028

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb