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Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes


Planinić, Mirela; Tomas, Srećko; Bucić, Ana; Bilić, Mate; Velić, Darko; Kovačević, Dragan; Šubarić, Drago
Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes // Proceedings of the 32. International Symposium on Agricultural Engineering / Košutić, Silvio (ur.).
Zagreb: Zavod za mehanizaciju poljoprivrede, Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2004. str. 397-403 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes

Autori
Planinić, Mirela ; Tomas, Srećko ; Bucić, Ana ; Bilić, Mate ; Velić, Darko ; Kovačević, Dragan ; Šubarić, Drago

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of the 32. International Symposium on Agricultural Engineering / Košutić, Silvio - Zagreb : Zavod za mehanizaciju poljoprivrede, Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2004, 397-403

Skup
Actual Tasks on Agricurtural Engineering

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 23-27.02.2004

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
fluid-bed drying; rehydration; carrot; potato

Sažetak
Drying is one of the most favourable preservation techniques of agricultural products. Water that is removed from a plant tissue during dehydration cannot be replaced in the same way when the tissue is rehydrated, because some of the changes cosed by drying are irreversible. The loss of cellular osmotic pressure, changes in cell membrane permeability, solute migration, crystallisation of polysaccharides, reduces of starch hydration degree and coagulation of cellular proteins all contribute to texture changes. The rate and extent of rehydration may be used as an indicator of dried product quality. Those plants that are dried under optimum conditions suffer less damage and rehydrate more rapidly and completely than poorly dried ones. A comparative study of the influence of cultivation and drying temperature on water uptake of dried carrot and potatoe pieces during soaking was conducted. Carrot and potato that have been grown under varied conditions (conventional, ecological) were fluid-bed dried on different temperatures (60, 70, 80, 90 °C) and then rehydrated. Obtained results were compared and statistically processed in order to assess the effect of factors and their possible interaction. Statistical analysis showed that cultivation has no effect on rehydration ability, while drying temperature has a significant influence on water uptake of both vegetables. With a drying temperature increase the final moisture content after rehydration decreases. Interaction between two examined parameters on carrot rehyration was observed, which indicated that drying temperature had different influences on conventional and ecological cultivated carrot. After two hours of soaking, carrot absorbed 58-82% of water while potato absorbed 37– 59% water that was removed by drying. The smaller amount of absorbed water could be the consequence of the higher starch content and extensive textural damages during potato drying.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0113001
0113005
0113008

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Planinić, Mirela; Tomas, Srećko; Bucić, Ana; Bilić, Mate; Velić, Darko; Kovačević, Dragan; Šubarić, Drago
Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes // Proceedings of the 32. International Symposium on Agricultural Engineering / Košutić, Silvio (ur.).
Zagreb: Zavod za mehanizaciju poljoprivrede, Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2004. str. 397-403 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)
Planinić, M., Tomas, S., Bucić, A., Bilić, M., Velić, D., Kovačević, D. & Šubarić, D. (2004) Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes. U: Košutić, S. (ur.)Proceedings of the 32. International Symposium on Agricultural Engineering.
@article{article, editor = {Ko\v{s}uti\'{c}, S.}, year = {2004}, pages = {397-403}, keywords = {fluid-bed drying, rehydration, carrot, potato}, title = {Effect of cultivation and drying temperature on rehydration ability of the carrots and potatoes}, keyword = {fluid-bed drying, rehydration, carrot, potato}, publisher = {Zavod za mehanizaciju poljoprivrede, Agronomski fakultet Sveu\v{c}ili\v{s}ta u Zagrebu}, publisherplace = {Opatija, Hrvatska} }