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Small Entrepreneurs in Međimurje: Between Tradition and Challenges of New Forms of Cooperation


Čengić, Drago
Small Entrepreneurs in Međimurje: Between Tradition and Challenges of New Forms of Cooperation // Regional Economic Growth, SMEs and the Wider Europe / Fingleton, Bernard, Eraydin, Ayda ; Paci, Raffaele (ur.).
Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2003. str. 246-269


Naslov
Small Entrepreneurs in Međimurje: Between Tradition and Challenges of New Forms of Cooperation
(Tradition and Challenges of New Forms of Cooperation)

Autori
Čengić, Drago

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Regional Economic Growth, SMEs and the Wider Europe

Urednik/ci
Fingleton, Bernard, Eraydin, Ayda ; Paci, Raffaele

Izdavač
Ashgate Publishing Limited

Grad
Aldershot, UK

Godina
2003

Raspon stranica
246-269

ISBN
0 7546 3613 5

Ključne riječi
Small entrepreneurs, Međimurje, Croatia, growth, cooperation

Sažetak
During the transition process in Croatia, many new small-scale private enterprises were established. Many small and medium enterprises (former: socially owned enterprises) were completely privatised. Also, the ownership structure of large enterprises was changed. Large-scale enterprises, protected against the market in centrally planned economies, suffer damages from the liberalisation process and deregulation, beacuse of the market changes within the whole economic system. According to some present economic analysis the most developed SME’ s activity is identified in the Northern Croatian regions, particularly in the counties Međimurje, Varaždin and Istria. There is an opinion that economic opennes, entrepreneurial tradition and supportive environment have enhanced the development of dynamic SMEs sector, especially in Međimurje, the county wich is very near Slovenia and Hungary. In these paper, based on empirical (survey and interview) and desk data, the author explores which economic and socio-cultural factors can explain the development of SMEs in Međimurje, whether some cross-borders factors also influenced the SMS's development in that region and whether there are some new forms of cooperation among SME firms themselves and big firms within the county or outside it. Some preliminary insights so far suggest that the development of SMEs in Međimurje can be explained in a higher extent by specific cultural values and entrepreneurial tradition than by the influence of supportive formal institutions (Dubini, 1989). At the same time two processes are occuring: a) SME entrepreneurs are not willing broadly cooperate together and make cooperative networks needed for larger, trans-border markets, b) foreign capital is entering this region relatively slowly and it is questionable how it will affect SMEs development. Here will be two hypotheses checked. First, collective memory regarding socialist (non-voluntary) forms of cooperation mostly produce negative attitude and mistrust towards new forms of entrepreneurial networking. Partly, this can be also explained with the fact that in the eighties cross-border networks of business oreganisations were stronger in Slovenija (within Alps-Adriatic region ; J. Langer, 1999) than in Croatia. Now it is questionable how supportive institutions (like centers for entrepreneurship, etc.) can produce trust among new entrepreneurship elite and new forms of cooperation? Second, foreign partners prefer more chain links with domestic firms than doing bussines with unstabile networks of firms. If such a thesis would be true, does it mean that vertical integration (by subcontracting) with foreign or large Croatian firms is completelly hostile to the cooperative entrepreneurial networks? Trying to answer to these questions, the author at the end also raised some policy relevant questions regarding SMS development on national (Croatian) level.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Sociologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0194003

Ustanove
Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Drago Čengić, (92991)