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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 167306

The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe


Gotovac, Petar; Čeljuska-Tošev, Elvira; Afrić, Ivo
The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe // Knjiga sažetaka. 1. Hrvatski kongres preventivne medicine i unapređenja zdravlja / Strnad, Marija (ur.).
Zagreb: Depol komunikacije, Medicinski fakultet Zagreb, 2003. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, stručni)


CROSBI ID: 167306 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe

Autori
Gotovac, Petar ; Čeljuska-Tošev, Elvira ; Afrić, Ivo

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, stručni

Izvornik
Knjiga sažetaka. 1. Hrvatski kongres preventivne medicine i unapređenja zdravlja / Strnad, Marija - Zagreb : Depol komunikacije, Medicinski fakultet Zagreb, 2003

Skup
1. Hrvatski kongres preventivne medicine i unapređenja zdravlja

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 26-29.11.2003

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Smallpox; Vaccinia; Terrorism; Vaccination

Sažetak
The risk of biological terrorism in the world today is well recognized. The potential impact of terrorism in the Public Health sector would be very high. 30 years after the last smallpox epidemic, and 23 years after virus eradication we are now implementing the preventive Smallpox vaccination program because of terrorist threat. The authors present a retrospective analysis of the last smallpox epidemic in ex- Yugoslavia and the subsequent vaccinia epidemic in Croatia in 1972. Smallpox was imported in former state Yugoslavia from the Iraque. The center of epidemic was in Kosovo region with 175 cases and 35 deaths. Nearly 16 million people (72%) were vaccinated out of 22 million inhabitants of the former state. In Croatia there were no smallpox cases recorded. But a three other great epidemic occurred: the epidemic of great fear presented itself, epidemic of excessive vaccination (over 50% circumstances there was an ongoing campaign to organize immunization of inhabitants, perform disease diagnostics and to set up quarantine hospital. At the University Hospital for Infectious Diseases a total of 1108 (0, 20% vaccinated with the Smallpox vaccine from that time) patients were examined from the wider area of Zagreb City (Croatia) who were suffering from vaccinia disease or its complications. 492 (44, 4%) patients of the total suffered from normal (regular) vaccinia disease, while 616 (55, 5%) experienced severe complications of the disease. 227 (33, 5%) of these 616 patients had cutaneous lesions, 137 (22, 2%) had high fever, malaise and headache, 79 (12, 8%) autoinoculation, 29 (4, 7%) Central Nervous System lesions, and 1 (0, 09%) died. Severe complications occurred more frequent after revaccination. After the fear of smallpox epidemic 1972, Croatian Public health Care responds successfully, but as the terrorist event is unique, we have to be better prepared. The main requirements for rapid detection of an epidemic, is a surveillance system that is sensitive for identifying small clusters of illness. Such systems permit identification of disease outbreaks, whether intentional or unintentional, emerging and reemerging diseases. The primary responsibility for preventing and responding to act of terrorism, of course lies with local, national and international authorities. And, as affective, in the case of contagious pathogens (they know no borders) it have to be linkage to international networks. We have plan and programs, now. Are we better prepared?

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0005004

Ustanove:
Klinika za infektivne bolesti "Dr Fran Mihaljević"

Profili:

Avatar Url Petar Gotovac (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Gotovac, Petar; Čeljuska-Tošev, Elvira; Afrić, Ivo
The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe // Knjiga sažetaka. 1. Hrvatski kongres preventivne medicine i unapređenja zdravlja / Strnad, Marija (ur.).
Zagreb: Depol komunikacije, Medicinski fakultet Zagreb, 2003. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, stručni)
Gotovac, P., Čeljuska-Tošev, E. & Afrić, I. (2003) The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe. U: Strnad, M. (ur.)Knjiga sažetaka. 1. Hrvatski kongres preventivne medicine i unapređenja zdravlja.
@article{article, editor = {Strnad, M.}, year = {2003}, pages = {40}, keywords = {Smallpox, Vaccinia, Terrorism, Vaccination}, title = {The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe}, keyword = {Smallpox, Vaccinia, Terrorism, Vaccination}, publisher = {Depol komunikacije, Medicinski fakultet Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, editor = {Strnad, M.}, year = {2003}, pages = {40}, keywords = {Smallpox, Vaccinia, Terrorism, Vaccination}, title = {The Smallpox Vaccination Program in Croatia: 30 Years After the Last Smallpox Epidemic in Europe}, keyword = {Smallpox, Vaccinia, Terrorism, Vaccination}, publisher = {Depol komunikacije, Medicinski fakultet Zagreb}, publisherplace = {Zagreb, Hrvatska} }




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