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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 166840

Evaluation of in vitro Genotoxic Activity of Bleomycin and Mitomycin C in Human Lymphocytes Using the Alkaline Comet Assay


Milić, Mirta; Kopjar Nevenka
Evaluation of in vitro Genotoxic Activity of Bleomycin and Mitomycin C in Human Lymphocytes Using the Alkaline Comet Assay // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 55 (2004), 4; xx-xx (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Evaluation of in vitro Genotoxic Activity of Bleomycin and Mitomycin C in Human Lymphocytes Using the Alkaline Comet Assay

Autori
Milić, Mirta ; Kopjar Nevenka

Izvornik
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju (0004-1254) 55 (2004), 4; Xx-xx

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Antineoplastic drugs; chemotherapy; DNA damage; DNA repair

Sažetak
Although chemotherapy targets cancer tissue, it also damages the DNA of non-cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro genotoxic potential of therapeutic concentrations of bleomycin and mitomycin C, added alone or in combination to cultures of human peripheral lymphocytes. The levels of DNA damage and repair were assessed using the alkaline comet assay immediately after cell treatment as well as 24 and 48 hrs following treatment. The results indicate that individual drugs and their combination induce a significant DNA damage to peripheral blood lymphocytes. Bleomycin alone induced the highest levels of primary DNA damage immediately after cell treatment. Although mitomycin C alone induced massive cross-linking and retarded DNA migration in resting cells, active proliferation and repair processes significantly increased DNA damage. Combined, they showed a synergetic effect, inducing complex patterns of DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes and producing different types of lesions and a number of DNA alterations that directly or indirectly increased DNA migration. Our study has confirmed the sensitivity of the alkaline comet assay for assessing bleomycin and/or mitomycin C genotoxicity to human lymphocytes at concentration levels used in clinic. It has also demonstrated the utility of the alkaline comet assay as one of the primary screening methods for in vitro studies of drug-DNA interactions, especially in studying mechanisms of action of new drugs.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0022019

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Nevenka Kopjar, (195102)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Biological Abstracts
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  • EMBASE
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  • Nuclear Science Abstracts
  • TOXFILE
  • ...