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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 158233

Life stress on the Roman limes in continental Croatia

Šlaus, Mario; Pećina Šlaus, Nives; Brkić, Hrvoje
Life stress on the Roman limes in continental Croatia // Homo (Stuttgart), 54 (2004), 3; 240-263 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Life stress on the Roman limes in continental Croatia

Šlaus, Mario ; Pećina Šlaus, Nives ; Brkić, Hrvoje

Homo (Stuttgart) (0018-442X) 54 (2004), 3; 240-263

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Archaeology; anthropology; Roman limes; paleodemography; paleopathology
(Arheologija; antroplogija; rimski limes; paleodemografija; paleopatologija)

The purpose of the paper is to analyze and compare the demographic profiles and disease frequencies between a skeletal series from Zmajevac, a settlement on the Danubian limes, and a composite "non-limes" skeletal series consisting of human osteological remains from three large urban settlements to the west of the limes ; roman Mursa (modern Osijek), Cibalae (Vinkovci) and Certissia (Štrbinci). To determine if life stresses were different in settlements on the limes the age and sex distribution in Zmajevac was compared to the composite "non-limes" series. All skeletons were also analyzed for the presence of dental pathology, dental enamel hypoplasia, cribra orbitalia, trauma, and physical stress. Data collected from the skeletal series show that, with the exception of some indicators of physical stress, no significant differences in quality of life is evident. Both series are characterized by an underrepresentation of subadults from the youngest age category and by similar average adult male and female ages at death. In Zmajevac the average ages at death for adult males and females were 40.0 and 39.0 years respectively, in the composite "non-limes" series 37.4 years for both males and females. The frequencies of dental disease, subadult stress indicators, and trauma are similar in both series. The only consistent difference between the two series is noted in the frequencies of skeletal markers of physical stress, in particular the frequencies of vertebral osteoarthritis and Schmorl's defects. Total male and total female vertebral osteoarthritis frequencies in the two series are significantly different, as is the difference in total male frequencies of Schmorl's defects. Young adult males in the Zmajevac series seem to have been experiencing particularly heavy physical strain on the vertebral column. They exhibit significantly higher frequencies of both vertebral osteoarthritis and Schmorl's defects than young adult males from the composite non-limes series.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus