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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 158151

Anthropological analysis of human skeletal remains from the Hallstatt period “ Vinkovci– Nama” site.


Šlaus, Mario
Anthropological analysis of human skeletal remains from the Hallstatt period “ Vinkovci– Nama” site. // Opuscula archaeologica, 27 (2003), 257-267 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Anthropological analysis of human skeletal remains from the Hallstatt period “ Vinkovci– Nama” site.

Autori
Šlaus, Mario

Izvornik
Opuscula archaeologica (0473-0992) 27 (2003); 257-267

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Bioarchaeology; Iron age; trauma; dental disease

Sažetak
Osteological data from a small (n=11) Hallstatt-period skeletal series provide insight into health, disease, and stress levels in Iron age continental Croatia. The sample was recovered from the "Vinkovci-NaMa" site during excavations in 1976 and 1977. The recovered remains were stored in the Vinkovci town museum in paper bags without grave numbers or other types of identification. Therefore, before analysis could begin it was necessary to reindividualize the skeletons and correlate them with specific grave units. This was done on the basis of osteological and taphonomical data in conjunction with data from the field diary. The sample consists of 4 subadults and 7 adults (3 female and 4 male). The average age-at-death for the adults (males 51.0 years ; females 38.0 years) is considerably higher than values recorded in continental Croatia during later periods - the Štrbinci site from the late Antique period (males 39.3 years ; females 35.5 years), the early medieval Privlaka site (males 34.9 years ; females 31.8 years), and the historic period Nova Rača site (males 34.1 years ; females 29.9 years). It therefore seems likely that the values recorded in the Vinkovci-NaMa series are not a realistic reflection of the average life span in continental Croatia during the Iron age but are the result of random variation in a small sample. Consistent with the relatively long average life spans are the high frequencies of dental disease - alveolar bone disease and carious lesions. Slightly less than a third (26.2%) of all adult tooth sockets exhibit evidence of alveolar bone disease and 11.6% of adult teeth exhibit carious lesions. Males were more susceptible to both conditions, possibly because of their longer average life span. The series also shows relatively low frequencies of subadult stress and an old, well healed cutting fracture on the frontal bone of an adult male.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
0101021

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Šlaus, (189976)