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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 153233

Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz


Kniewald, Goran; Bermanec, Vladimir; Musić, Svetozar
Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz // 32nd International Geological Congress : Abstracts, Part 1
Firenze: IUGS, 2004. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz

Autori
Kniewald, Goran ; Bermanec, Vladimir ; Musić, Svetozar

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
32nd International Geological Congress : Abstracts, Part 1 / - Firenze : IUGS, 2004

Skup
32nd International Geological Congress

Mjesto i datum
Firenca, Italija, 20-28.08.2004

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
topaz; gamma irradiation; Brazil

Sažetak
Natural topaz occurs in a variety of colours. With the exception of some pink and red stones where trace quantities of chromium act as a chromophore, the colour in topaz is due to colour centres. This makes topaz suitable for colour change through irradiation and heating. Most natural topaz is colourless or very pale blue. The darker blue colour, so commonly seen today is produced by irradiation, usually followed by heat-annealing. Different irradiation processes are used involving neutrons, electrons, beta and gamma rays. Today, gamma irradiation is mostly used as a "pretreating" or screening process in order to identify material that is likely to be susceptible to treatment with higher energy techniques. All irradiation techniques invlove the creation, and sometimes partial destruction, of colour centres. However, none of the employed techniques produce "characteristic" colours that can with certainty be ascribed to a particular treatment. At present, there is no definite gemmological method for differentiating among stones treated by the various techniques or for distinguishing between treated and untreated stones. In the present work we show that the colour of natural brazilian topaz can be changed by gamma irradiation. Crystals and "pebbles" (from placer deposits) were irradiated by a Co-60 source located at the Rudjer Boskovic Institute. The samples received an initial gamma dose of 6 MGy, after which irradiation was continued up to a total dose of 45 MGy. The irradiated material was subsequently heated on a hot plate in order to remove the brown colouration. A transparent light blue colour remained, the hue and intensity depending on the gamma dose. The changing of naturally off-coloured or colourless topaz by gamma irradiation has the advantage over irradiation by neutrons in a reactor in that gamma irradiation causes no nuclear activation of the topaz. The resulting colour of the irradiated topaz material shows no zonation or patchiness. Both cut stones and natural crystals were subject to the standard set of gemmological determination techniques, the results of which will be discussed.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
0119420
0098132

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Goran Kniewald (autor)

Avatar Url Vladimir Bermanec (autor)

Avatar Url Svetozar Musić (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Kniewald, Goran; Bermanec, Vladimir; Musić, Svetozar
Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz // 32nd International Geological Congress : Abstracts, Part 1
Firenze: IUGS, 2004. (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Kniewald, G., Bermanec, V. & Musić, S. (2004) Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz. U: 32nd International Geological Congress : Abstracts, Part 1.
@article{article, year = {2004}, pages = {653}, keywords = {topaz, gamma irradiation, Brazil}, title = {Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz}, keyword = {topaz, gamma irradiation, Brazil}, publisher = {IUGS}, publisherplace = {Firenca, Italija} }
@article{article, year = {2004}, pages = {653}, keywords = {topaz, gamma irradiation, Brazil}, title = {Gemmological properties of gamma irradiated brazilian topaz}, keyword = {topaz, gamma irradiation, Brazil}, publisher = {IUGS}, publisherplace = {Firenca, Italija} }




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